On the 25 September 2019, two leaders of the Shipibo-Konibo indigenous people explained to the magistrates of Peru’s Constitutional Court why the community of Santa Clara de Uchunya were suing the Regional Government of Ucayali and its agricultural agency.
1 October 2019 saw a historic moment in Suriname. Two draft laws were submitted to the Minister of Regional Development: a proposal for a Collective Rights Act for Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Suriname (including land rights), and a proposal for an amendment of the constitution.
On Wednesday 25 September, Peru’s Constitutional Tribunal will hold a hearing with implications for the future of the Amazon rainforest, indigenous peoples’ rights, and the fight against climate change.
The situation of violence, discrimination and hate discourses against Forest Peoples Programme's indigenous, Afro-descendant and campesino partners in Colombia has taken a drastic turn for the worse in recent months, despite the 2016 Peace Accords that won then president Santos a Nobel Peace Prize.
On 28 January 2016, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights made public its judgment in the case of the Kaliña and Lokono Peoples v. Suriname. This case was first submitted to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights in January 2007 by the chiefs of the eight Kaliña and Lokono villages of the Lower Marowijne River and the Association of Indigenous Village Leaders in Suriname (VIDS).
Pada tanggal 28 Januari 2016, Mahkamah Hak Asasi Manusia Inter-Amerika mengumumkan kepada publik keputusannya dalam kasus Masyarakat Kalina dan Lokoño vs. Suriname.
SAN JOSE, May 11 2015 (IPS) - After years of violence against two indigenous groups in Costa Rica, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) demanded that the government adopt measures by May 15 to protect the life and physical integrity of the members of the two communities.
Due to a series of violent attacks and threats against these two indigenous peoples in the last few years, the Commission decided that the acts and omissions of the State were not adequate and ordered Costa Rica, together with the affected peoples, to take the measures necessary to better protect the lives and physical integrity of the two indigenous peoples and their members. The State has 15 days to respond to the Commission and the Commission will continue to monitor the matter.
This report concerns the merits of a petition received by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IAHCR) on February 16, 2007.
The petition alleges that the State of Suriname has violated the rights protected in Articles 3 (right to judicial personality), 21 (right to property) and 25 (right to judicial protection) of the American Convention on Human Rights in connection with Articles 1 and 2 thereof to the prejudice of the Kaliña and Lokono peoples.
In order for the Inter-American human rights system to adequately recognise, protect and fulfil the human rights of indigenous women, it is necessary for indigenous women to engage with the system, to make their voices heard and to tell their stories with all their complexities. This toolkit, which contains a series of information notes explaining different aspects of the Inter-American system, is designed to help indigenous women and their advocates to use the system effectively.
Ecuador has apologized to an indigenous community for authorizing oil drilling on ancestral land without their permission. The apology to the Sarayaku community came two years after the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled that the OPEC nation had violated the tribe's right to be consulted on oil concessions granted for their land.
What are the prospects for securing the land rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, and women in the foreseeable future?
Significantly, the report of the United Nations Secretary-General’s High Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, under Goal 1 to “End Poverty”, sets a target to “Increase by x% the share of women and men, communities, and businesses with secure rights to land, property, and other assets”.
Teman-teman yang baik,
Bagaimana prospek untuk menjamin hak atas tanah masyarakat adat, komunitas lokal, dan perempuan di masa mendatang?
On 1 November 2013 indigenous and civil society organisations from Peru including FENAMAD, AIDESEP, Derecho Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (DAR), and the National Human Rights Coordinator presented evidence in a hearing before the Inter-American Commission.
The petitioners documented the failure of the Peruvian government to provide effective protection for isolated indigenous peoples in Peru.
Pada tanggal 1 November 2013 organisasi-organisasi masyarakat adat dan masyarakat sipil dari Peru termasuk FENAMAD, AIDESEP, Derecho Ambiente y Recursos Naturales (DAR), dan Koordinator Nasional Bidang HAM mengajukan bukti-bukti dalam sebuah acara dengar pendapat di depan Komisi Inter-Amerika.Para pemohon mendokumentasikan kegagalan pemerintah Peru untuk memberikan perlindungan yang efektif bagi masyarakat adat terpencil di Peru.
On 5th September 2012, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) of the Organisation of American States issued a press release in which it urged the Venezuelan Government to carry out an investigation in the Upper Ocamo village of Irotatheri where the alleged massacre of as many as 80 people is supposed to have taken place. On 10th September 2012, the IACHR issued a further press statement noting that Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela had officially 'denounced' the Convention. However, as the IACHR notes, withdrawal from the Convention requires one year's notice and moreover:
Association of Saramaka Authorites and FPP request to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) under the Urgent Action and Early Warning procedures made in relation to Suriname's failure to implement the Saramaka People v. Suriname judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR).
On 23 November 2011, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights adopted
compliance orders in the Saramaka People v. Suriname case. The Court finds that Suriname has failed to comply with the most important of its orders made in the 2007 judgment; holds that Suriname is in some respects "in direct contravention of the Court's decision and, accordingly, of the State's international treaty obligations;" and decides to convene a hearing on the case during 2012. Click here to read the IACHR Order
After years of waiting, during which they suffered from violent attacks and the degradation of their ancestral lands, the Ingaricó, Macuxi, Patamona, Taurepang and Wapichana indigenous peoples of Raposa Serra do Sol received a favorable decision by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. During its last session at the end of October, the Commission issued an admissibility decision in their case against the Government of Brazil. In doing so, the Commission signaled not only that the Government’s treatment of indigenous peoples in Raposa may constitute a violation of their human rights, but that the Commission is now ready to enter its final stage of review of the case and issue a concluding report.
The new orders show that while Suriname has partially complied with the Court's judgment, it has failed to comply with the most crucial of those orders and that it has not fully complied with the Court's jurisprudence on collective land rights in a number of respects.