Resources

New briefing: Free, Prior and Informed Consent and the RSPO; Are the companies keeping their promises? Findings and recommendations from Southeast Asia and Africa

This briefing, launched on the occasion of the 10th Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RT10), draws together the key findings of fourteen studies on FPIC in RSPO member/certified plantations based on the RSPO Principles & Criteria (P&C) and related Indicators and Guidance, and makes recommendations for reforms in the way palm oil companies honour the principle of FPIC and respect customary rights to land.

El consentimiento libre, previo e informado y la Mesa Redonda sobre el Aceite de Palma Sostenible: ¿las empresas están cumpliendo sus promesas?

El derecho al consentimiento libre, previo e informado (CLPI) según se estipula en los principios y criterios de la Mesa Redonda sobre el Aceite de Palma Sostenible (RSPO por sus siglas en inglés) establece cómo se pueden desarrollar acuerdos equitativos entre comunidades locales y empresas (o gobiernos) de manera tal que aseguren el respeto de los derechos legales y consuetudinarios de los pueblos indígenas y otros titulares locales de derechos[1]. De marzo a octubre de 2012, coincidiendo expresamente con el examen de los principios y criterios de la RSPO[2], el Forest Peoples Programme y sus socios locales[3] están realizando una serie de estudios independientes de plantaciones de palma de aceite a lo largo de África y el sudeste de Asia. La finalidad de estos estudios es proporcionar información de campo detallada acerca de cómo las empresas de aceite de palma están respetando adecuadamente los derechos a la tierra y al CLPI y sí lo están haciendo, exponer cualquier conducta incorrecta de éstas y presentar argumentos a favor del fortalecimiento de los procedimientos y normas de la RSPO según sea necesario.

Le consentement libre, préalable et éclairé et la Table ronde pour une huile de palme durable : les entreprises tiennent-elles leurs promesses ?

Le droit au consentement libre, préalable et éclairé (FPIC) dans le cadre des Principes et critères de la Table ronde pour une huile de palme durable (RSPO) définit comment des accords équitables peuvent être mis en place entre des communautés locales et des entreprises (et gouvernements), de façon à assurer le respect des droits légaux et coutumiers des peuples autochtones et des autres détenteurs de droits locaux.[1] De mars à octobre 2012, pendant la période d’examen des Principes et critères de la RSPO,[2] le Forest Peoples Programme et ses partenaires locaux[3] ont mené une série d’études indépendantes sur les plantations de palmiers à huile en Asie du sud-est et en Afrique. Ces études ont pour objectif de fournir des informations de terrain détaillées pour voir si les droits à la terre et au FPIC sont respectés, établir comment ces droits sont respectés par les entreprises, découvrir toute mauvaise pratique des entreprises du secteur de l’huile de palme, et plaider en faveur d’un renforcement des procédures et normes de la RSPO, le cas échéant.

Keputusan Bebas, Didahulukan dan Diinformasikan (Free, Prior and Informed Consent) dan Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil: Apakah perusahaan menepati janji-janji mereka?

Hak atas Keputusan Bebas, Didahulukan dan Diinformasikan (KBDD) dalan Prinsip dan Kriteria Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) menetapkan bagaimana kesepakatan yang adil antara masyarakat lokal dan perusahaan (dan pemerintah) dapat dikembangkan melalui cara yang menjamin dihormatinya hak-hak hukum dan hak-hak adat masyarakat adat dan pemegang hak-hak lokal lainnya.[1] Dari bulan Maret sampai Oktober 2012, bersamaan dengan Tinjaun Prinsip dan Kriteria RSPO,[2] Forest Peoples Programme dan mitra-mitra lokalnya[3] melakukan serangkaian penelitian independen atas KBDD di perkebunan-perkebunan kelapa sawit di Asia Tenggara dan Afrika. Tujuan dari penelitian-penelitian tersebut adalah untuk menyediakan informasi lapangan yang rinci tentang bagaimana dan apakah hak atas KBDD telah diterapkan oleh perusahaan, untuk menyingkap malpraktik yang dilakukan perusahaan kelapa sawit, dan untuk mendesak penguatan prosedur dan standar RSPO jika diperlukan.

Securing High Conservation Values in Central Kalimantan: Report of the Field Investigation in Central Kalimantan of the RSPO Ad Hoc Working Group on High Conservation Values in Indonesia

This report provides an account of a short investigation carried out by the RSPO's Ad Hoc Working Group on High Conservation Values in Indonesia. It is being circulated to promote comprehension and discussion about the legal and procedural obstacles to securing such values in the oil palm sector in Indonesia with the view to promoting changes and legal reforms in order to secure these values more effectively. This version includes detailed comments on the report by Wilmar International.

Making Palm Oil Accountable?

Globally oil palm plantations continue to expand at a rapid rate. World leader, Indonesia, has raced past Malaysia to become the number one producer. Latest data from the Indonesian watchdog NGO, SawitWatch, suggests that oil palm plantations in Indonesia now cover 11 million hectares, up from 6 million hectares only five years ago. New plantings are spreading to the smaller islands of the archipelago and to the less developed areas of eastern Indonesia. Hopes that a Presidential promise of a 2 year moratorium on forest clearance would slow the crop’s expansion – part of a deal to reduce green house gas emissions - have also evaporated as the government has excepted areas where preliminary permits have already been handed out.

¿Cómo obligar al sector del aceite de palma a rendir cuentas?

Las plantaciones de palma de aceite continúan expandiéndose rápidamente por todo el mundo. El país que encabeza esta tendencia, Indonesia, ha dejado atrás a Malasia y se ha convertido en el mayor productor. Según los últimos datos que ha proporcionado la ONG indonesia SawitWatch que vigila a este sector, actualmente las plantaciones de palma de aceite de Indonesia cubren 11 millones de hectáreas, mientras que hace tan solo cinco años cubrían 6 millones. Las nuevas plantaciones se están dispersando por islas más pequeñas del archipiélago y por las zonas menos desarrolladas del este de Indonesia. Las esperanzas de que una promesa presidencial de una moratoria de 2 años sobre la tala de bosques frenaría la expansión de este cultivo (parte de un acuerdo para reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero) también se han evaporado ya que el Gobierno ha excluido de la moratoria zonas donde ya se han entregado permisos preliminares.

Rendre l’huile de palme responsable ?

Les plantations de palmier à huile continuent de s’étendre au niveau mondial à une cadence rapide. Le leader mondial du secteur, l’Indonésie, a devancé la Malaisie pour devenir le premier producteur au monde. Les données les plus récentes d’une ONG indonésienne qui surveille les développements, SawitWatch,  indiquent que les plantations de palmier à huile en Indonésie recouvrent désormais 11 millions d’hectares, alors qu’elles recouvraient 6 millions d’hectares il y a seulement cinq ans. De nouvelles plantations se propagent aux îles plus petites de l'archipel, et aux zones moins avancées de l'Indonésie orientale. Les espoirs liés à une promesse du Président d’instaurer un moratoire de deux ans sur la déforestation pour freiner l’expansion de cette culture (dans le cadre d’un accord pour réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre) se sont également évanouis, puisque le gouvernement a exclu les zones pour lesquelles des permis préliminaires ont déjà été accordés.

Press Release: New Report Exposes Human Rights Abuses in Wilmar Group Plantation in Jambi, Indonesia. Embargoed for 00:00 GMT, November 21 2011

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD THE PRESS RELEASE

EMBARGOED for 8 am Malaysia 21 November 2011

A new report released today exposes how local Indonesian police (BRIMOB) in Jambi, working with plantation staff, systematically evicted people from three settlements, firing guns to scare them off and then using heavy machinery to destroy their dwellings and bulldoze concrete floors into the nearby creeks. The operations were carried out over a week in mid-August this year and have already sparked an international controversy. Andiko, Executive Director of the Indonesian community rights NGO, HuMa said: 

“Forced evictions at gun point and the destruction of the homes of men, women and children without warning or a court order constitute serious abuses of human rights and are contrary to police norms. The company must now make reparations but individual perpetrators should also be investigated and punished in accordance with the law.”

Press Release: Precedent-setting land deal in palm oil expansion zone in Borneo. 21 March 2011

 

PONTIANAK - A new oil palm plantation being developed in Indonesian Borneo (West Kalimantan) has relinquished community lands to which it had gained a government permit. The company PT Agro Wiratama, a member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and subsidiary of the giant Musim Mas group, agreed to relinquish more than 1,000 hectares of its 9,000 hectare concession back to the community, following interventions by community representatives and NGOs.

SIARAN PERS: Preseden penanganan masalah tanah dalam ereal ekspansi sawit di Kalimantan. 21 Maret 2011

Pontianak - Satu perkebunan kelapa sawit baru sedang dikembangkan di Indonesia Kalimantan Barat telah menyerahkan lahan masyarakat yang perusahaan dapatkan dari pemerintah. PT Agro Wiratama, salah satu anggota Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) dan anak perusahaan kelompok Musim Mas, setuju untuk melepaskan lebih kurang lebih 1.000 ha dari 9.000 ha lahan dalam izin lokasi kembali ke masyarakat, setelah berbagai desakan oleh wakil masyarakat dan LSM.

HCV and the RSPO: Report of an independent investigation into the effectiveness of the application of High Conservation Value zoning in palm oil development in Indonesia

This report summarises the findings of a field investigation and legal study which shows how voluntary efforts by companies to set aside areas for community livelihoods and for conservation are being frustrated by the ill-fit between the RSPO's procedures - using the 'High Conservation Values' approach - and national laws and procedures. The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) is to meet in Kuala Lumpur from 1-4 November 2009.

Land is life: Land rights and oil palm development in Sarawak

This report reveals escalating conflicts between indigenous peoples and oil palm companies due to the rapid expansion of plantations in the Malaysian State of Sarawak. Based on field interviews with community representatives in 12 different villages the report details:

  • rapid rate of expansion of oil palm plantations in Sarawak
  • reasons for the conflicts over native customary lands
  • why some 40 legal cases about land conflicts between communities and oil palm companies are now clogging the courts in Sarawak
  • concerns raised by the communities about the plantations
  • how the process of oil palm development in Sarawak is contrary to international standards adopted by the Rountable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)
  • recommendations for reform

Ghosts on our own land: Oil palm smallholders in Indonesia and the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil

'It's as if we are ghosts on our own land. We have been so pierced through by the spines on the oil palm that we are almost dead, left haunting what was once our own land. We don't usually say this, but this is how it is really. We need to make our case ourselves and explain how the oil palm is hurting us.' The words of a participant at one of the many workshops documented in this illustrated book which addresses the principles and practicalities of standard setting in palm-oil production under the umbrella of the 'Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil' (RSPO).

ISBN 979-15188-2-3    Also available in Bahasa as a book from the FPP office: info@forestpeoples.org

THIS BOOK HAS BEEN ATTACHED HERE IN SECTIONS DUE TO THE SIZE OF THE FILES. THERE IS ALSO A PDF TEXT ONLY VERSION. HARD COPY OF BOOK AVAILABLE FROM FPP OFFICE IN BOTH ENGLISH AND BAHASA.