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Situación de Salitre no es aislada, 71% de los territorios indígenas son ocupados ilegalmente, por lo menos en un 40%

crhoy.com

Los problemas entre indígenas del territorio de Salitre y finqueros, que aseguran haber comprado tierras en la zona, no son un hecho aislado en el país. Sólo dos territorios indígenas costarricenses -Telire, en Talamanca y Tayní, en Valle de La Estrella- son ocupados al 100 por ciento por indígenas.

Un estudio realizado por la organización internacional y con representación en el país, Forest Peoples Programme (FPP), desnuda que el 71% de los territorios indígenas son ocupados ilegalmente, mínimo en un 40%.

Peru’s government fails to tackle violence and forest destruction in the Peruvian Amazon

In April 2014, in a tragic premonition of what was to come, the leaders of Saweto, an Ashaninka village in the Peruvian Amazon, requested urgent measures from the Peruvian government to ‘prevent any attempt on our lives’. The threat had come from loggers ‘in reprisal’ for the community’s longstanding efforts to document and denounce illegal logging in their territory.

El Gobierno de Perú no enfrenta la violencia ni la destrucción de los bosques en la Amazonía peruana

En abril de 2014, en un trágico presentimiento de lo que estaba por suceder, los líderes de Saweto, una comunidad Asháninka de la Amazonía peruana, solicitaron al Gobierno peruano medidas urgentes para “prevenir cualquier atentado contra nuestras vidas”. Esta amenaza fue hecha por madereros “en represalia” por los esfuerzos hechos por la comunidad desde hace mucho tiempo para documentar y denunciar la tala ilegal en su territorio.

Le gouvernement du Pérou ne s’attaque pas à la violence et à la destruction des forêts dans l’Amazonie péruvienne

En avril 2014, dans une prémonition tragique de ce qui allait arriver, les leaders de Saweto, un village asháninka de l’Amazonie péruvienne, ont demandé que le gouvernement péruvien prenne des mesures urgentes afin d' « empêcher toute atteinte  à nos vies ». La menace provenait des exploitants forestiers « en représailles » contre les efforts déployés depuis longtemps par la communauté pour attester et dénoncer l’exploitation forestière illégale sur son territoire.

Pemerintah Peru gagal mengatasi kekerasan dan pengrusakan hutan di Peruvian Amazon

Pada bulan April 2014, dengan firasat tragis tentang apa yang mungkin akan terjadi, para pemimpin komunitas Saweto, sebuah desa Ashaninka di Peruvian Amazon, meminta agar pemerintah Peru mengambil langkah-langkah mendesak untuk 'mencegah setiap upaya untuk membunuh diri kami'. Ancaman tersebut datang dari para penebang yang melakukan 'pembalasan' atas upaya yang sejak lama dilakukan masyarakat untuk mendokumentasikan dan melaporkan pembalakan liar di wilayah mereka.

Green City Resolution 2014: Legal and Good Governance Considerations

These resolutions were drafted during a seminar organized by the UK-based NGO Forest Peoples Programme and involving community members from Nguti, Ebanga, Sikam, Babensi II, Fabe, Massaka Bima, Mobenge, Ikoti-Ngolo, Ndiba-Ngolo, Oron-Isangele, Meangwe II Ngolo, Bweme-Ngolo, Lipenja II-Batanga, Toko and Baro, along with community support organisations, including the Centre for Environment and Development, Struggle to Economise Future Environment, Nature Cameroon and Greenpeace, who came to learn about their rights under national and international law with regard to developments on their customary lands.

The Batwa Petition Before Uganda's Constitutional Court

Author: United Organisation for Batwa Development in Uganda (UOBDU)

On 8th February 2013, the Batwa of Uganda submitted a petition to the Constitutional Court of Uganda seeking recognition of their status as indigenous peoples under international law and redress for the historic marginalisation and continuous human rights violations they have experienced as a result of being dispossessed of their ancestral forest lands by the government.

Before their eviction, the Batwa had lived in the forest since immemorial times. The measures taken to remove the Batwa, to create ‘environmentally protected’ areas, and to limit access and use of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and Echuya Central Forest Reserve, resulted in the violation of the Batwa’s property rights over their ancestral lands. While colonial protection of the forest started in the 1920s, most Batwa continued to live in the forest and to use its resources until the 1990s; when they were evicted, without consultation, adequate compensation or offer of alternative land.

La Petición Batwa Ante El Tribunal Constitucional De Uganda

Autor: Organización Unida para el Desarrollo Batwa en Uganda (UOBDU)

El 8 de febrero de 2013 los Batwa de Uganda presentaron una petición ante el Tribunal Constitucional de Uganda para que se reconociera su condición de pueblos indígenas según el derecho internacional.  Además pidieron que se les compensara por la marginación histórica y las continuas violaciones de los derechos humanos que han sufrido como consecuencia de haber sido desposeídos de sus tierras forestales ancestrales por el Gobierno.

PETISI MASYARAKAT BATWA KEPADA MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI UGANDA

Penulis: United Organisation for Batwa Development in Uganda (UOBDU)Pada tanggal 8 Februari 2013, masyarakat Batwa dari Uganda mengajukan petisi ke Mahkamah Konstitusi Uganda mencari pengakuan atas status mereka sebagai masyarakat adat menurut hukum internasional dan menuntut ganti rugi atas marginalisasi di masa lalu dan pelanggaran hak asasi manusia terus-menerus yang mereka alami sebagai akibat dari perampasan tanah hutan leluhur mereka oleh pemerintah.

Venezuela: Indigenous peoples of the Caura demand their constitutionally guaranteed territorial rights

Invoking their right to self-determination, the Ye’kwana and Sanema peoples of the Caura River in the State of Guayana have issued a statement demanding recognition of their territorial rights. Pointing out that their fully documented land claim has been unanswered by the executive since 2006, the statement also rejects the imposition of any protected areas on their lands and territories until their constitutionally recognised rights to the ‘habitats’, as territories are referred to in Venezuela law, are first recognised.

Peru's indigenous leaders face life sentences for defending their rights

On the 14th May 2014 the trial will begin of 53 of Peru's indigenous leaders who are charged with crimes related to the tragic events at Bagua on the 5th June 2009 where over 20 people died and hundreds were injured after Peruvian forces opened fire on indigenous peoples blockading a road in peaceful protest at the efforts of the Peruvian government to dismantle legal protections for their lands.

Nepali Indigenous groups laud Supreme Court verdict on Constitutional Assembly nominations

Kamal Pariyar

KATHMANDU, May 13: Indigenous communities have lauded the Supreme Court´s (SC) recent order on filling the 26 vacant CA seats with representatives of indigenous communities that have not been represented in the CA. They have expressed hope that the implementation of the decision would make the new Constituent Assembly (CA) to be more inclusive. Of the total CA seats, 575 have already been filled, with only 23 of the total 59 scheduled indigenous communities represented at present.