Resources

Report from Kus Kura S.C on the UN Special Rapporteur’s official mission to Costa Rica to study the situation of indigenous peoples’ rights, in particular the rights of the Térraba people

The UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, S. James Anaya, visited Costa Rica on an official mission from 24-27 April 2011. His visit responds to an Urgent Request made by Forest Peoples Programme’s (FPP) partners in Costa Rica: Kus Kura S.C. and a number of Térraba indigenous peoples’ organisations.

The Urgent Request highlighted critical issues that the Térraba people are facing in their traditional lands, including: first, the denial of their territorial rights, and the massive encroachment on their lands by non-indigenous persons; second, the threat of irreparable harm caused by the proposed Diquís Dam that will permanently flood 10 percent of the Térraba lands (this will also affect other indigenous peoples as seven different indigenous territories are within the Térraba River basin); and third, the absence of effective judicial remedies to address the imposition of political-administrative structures in each territory (primarily local government bodies that are not fully accountable to indigenous peoples and are not their preferred form of political organisation).

UN human rights bodies take note of massive land speculation in Papua New Guinea

Lands held and managed under custom in Papua New Guinea (PNG) are regularly quoted as covering the vast majority of the country’s land mass, 97% is the usually accepted figure. The remaining 3% of lands, no longer governed by tradition and custom, are referred to as ‘alienated lands’ and come under the management of the Department of Lands and Physical Planning.  However these remarkable figures of land tenure security hide a grimmer truth. Over the past 13 months alone almost 10% of the land mass of Papua New Guinea has been issued out as concessions under an arrangement known as ‘Special Agricultural and Business Leases’ (SABL). Under these lease agreements, the government leases customary lands from traditional owners and re-leases the same lands, often to a third party, with customary rights to the lands suspended for the term of the lease.  

Los órganos de la ONU dedicados a los derechos humanos toman nota de la enorme especulación con la tierra en Papúa Nueva Guinea

En repetidas ocasiones se ha afirmado que las tierras bajo sistemas consuetudinarios de tenencia y gestión de la tierra en Papúa Nueva Guinea (PNG) cubren la mayor parte de la superficie del país, siendo la cifra normalmente aceptada un 97%. El 3% restante, que ya no depende de la tradición ni la costumbre, corresponde a «tierras enajenadas» y es gestionado por el Ministerio de Tierras y Planificación Física.  Sin embargo estas sorprendentes cifras de la seguridad de la tenencia de la tierra ocultan una verdad más cruda.

Les organes des droits humains des Nations Unies prennent note de la spéculation foncière en masse en Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée

Des données indiquent de façon récurrente que les terres détenues et gérées selon la coutume en Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée (PNG) couvrent la vaste majorité de la masse terrestre du pays, 97% étant le chiffre d’ordinaire accepté. Les 3% de terres restantes qui ne sont plus régies par la tradition et la coutume sont généralement dénommées « terres aliénées » et sont soumises à la gestion du Département des terres et de l’aménagement du territoire. Toutefois, derrière ces chiffres remarquables en termes de sécurité foncière se cache une réalité plus sombre.