A recent Position paper by the German Institute for Human Rights argues that the newly developed standards of the multilateral Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) and of the World Bank fall short in many respects of the human rights commitments that the Federal Government has imposed on itself. If Germany wishes to achieve the objectives it has set for itself, it will have to conduct its own human rights assessment of projects, and close monitoring of project implementation will be equally necessary.
On the 4th of August 2016, the Executive Board of the World Bank approved its new safeguard approach, detailed in a text called the ‘Environmental and Social Framework’.
The Environmental and Social Framework (ESF) is intended to contribute to the so-called ‘twin goals’ of the Bank: eliminating extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity. It defines the approach that the World Bank will take to assess and minimise negative impacts from World Bank investments, and promote social and environmental goods.
El 4 de agosto de 2016 el Directorio Ejecutivo del Banco Mundial aprobó su nuevo enfoque de las salvaguardias, detallado en un texto titulado Environmental and Social Framework (Marco Ambiental y Social).
Le 4 août 2016, le Conseil exécutif de la Banque mondiale approuvait sa nouvelle approche en matière de mesures de sauvegarde, détaillée dans un document intitulé « Cadre environnemental et social ».
Pada tanggal 4 Agustus 2016, Dewan Eksekutif Bank Dunia menyetujui pendekatan pengaman baru, yang diuraikan dengan rinci dalam teks bertajuk 'Kerangka Lingkungan dan Sosial'.
Guest article from Helen Tugendhat in the Bretton Woods Project Observer regarding the World Bank’s decision to grant a waiver of OP4.10 for an agricultural investment project in Tanzania.
Click here to read the article (offsite link)
On Wednesday 20th of July 2016, a sub-section of the Executive Board of the World Bank met to approve a draft text called the ‘Environmental and Social Framework’. The text will now proceed to a full Board meeting in August where it is likely to be approved with little or no change.
The World Bank has released new draft safeguard policies at the end of its four-year review of its environmental and social safeguards, but they roll-back essential environmental and social protections for communities around the world.
Compiled edits and comments from 14 NGOs including Accountability Counsel, Bretton Woods Project, CEE Bankwatch Network, CIEL, Forest Peoples Programme, Frontline Defenders, Human Rights Watch, International Accountability Project, LSD, MiningWatch Canada, OEARSE, Protection International, Social Justice Connection, and SOMO have been sent to the World Bank's Office of the Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (CAO).
Indigenous rights experts have written to the World Bank President and Executive Board to underscore the importance of the World Bank adopting a standard of free, prior and informed consent for indigenous peoples potentially affected by development initiatives funded by the Bank. In the letter, the experts point out that the existing standard of Broad Community Support used by the Bank has failed to improve outcomes for development initiatives, and is a standard that is implemented ineffectively and inconsistently across the Bank’s portfolio.
The holders of the UN Human Rights Council Special Mandates related to the rights of indigenous peoples have written to the President of the World Bank to reiterate their concerns about the use of the ill-defined term ‘broad community support’ in place of international standards requiring consent from indigenous peoples prior to projects that impact on their lands, lives, identities and resources.
Deforestation and forest degradation have increased in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), despite the government’s commitment to safeguard its forests.
Illegal logging, unsustainable mining, commercial agriculture, and urban demand for fuelwood represent only some of the major long-term threats to the forests. By contrast, the traditional livelihood strategies of indigenous and local communities show a capacity to coexist with forests sustainably.
La déforestation et la dégradation des forêts ont augmenté en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) malgré l’engagement du gouvernement de protéger ses forêts. Les activités commerciales d’envergure industrielle constituent d’importantes menaces directes à long terme sur les forêts. En revanche, les strategies et modes de subsistance traditionnelles des communautés autochtones et locales montrent qu’elles peuvent coexister durablement avec les forêts.
Bogotá, April 25: A new report “Deforestation and indigenous peoples rights in the Colombian Amazon” co-published by social justice and environmental NGO DEDISE and Forest Peoples Programme (FPP) underlines the critical role of secure land and territorial rights and traditional knowledge in sustaining one of the most culturally and biologically diverse forests on the planet.
Bogotá, abril 25, 2016: Un nuevo informe titulado “Deforestación, políticas nacionales y derechos de los pueblos indígenas en la Amazonía colombiana”, co-publicado por la ONG de justicia social y ambiental DEDISE y el Forest Peoples Programme (FPP), resalta el papel crítico que juegan los derechos a la tierra y territoriales seguros y el conocimiento tradicional en el mantenimiento de uno de los bosques con mayor diversidad cultural y biológica que existe en el planeta.
The Coalition for Human Rights in Development submitted recommendations this week urging the World Bank to amend its proposed Environmental and Social Framework to meaningfully address human rights. The submission addresses arguments that have been put forward against embracing human rights and provides concrete recommendations for strengthening the draft framework.Read more here.
In this briefing, UK and European NGOs call on the EU to maintain, upgrade and strengthen its FLEGT programme. Key recommendations include the need to take specific measures to ensure that FLEGT in general, and VPAs and timber legality assurance systems specifically, include language on compliance with international human rights law as an essential element of “legality” in timber supply chains.
FPP has released this briefing note reviewing the serious implementation challenges that the World Bank has faced in trying to meet its unique standard of ‘broad community support’ and argues for the adoption of the internationally recognised standard of free, prior and informed consent, now widely adopted by private and public sector financial institutions including by the International Finance Corporation (part of the World Bank Group).
FPP’s formal submission to the third phase of the consultations for the World Bank Safeguard Review highlight continuing concerns with adequately addressing implementation challenges, overall weakening of the ESF through transfer of responsibilities to borrowers, ambiguity about the impact on the Inspection Panel’s ability to fulfil its mandate and inadequate definition of free, prior and informed consent.