Resources

UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination adopts NGO submissions on human rights in Papua

Following the submission of inputs on the human rights situation in Indonesia and Papua by indigenous peoples' organisations for the UN Universal Periodic Review in September 2016, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) has considered, under its early warning and urgent action procedure, allegations of excessive use of force, arrests, killings and torture of persons belonging to the Papuan indigenous people in West Papua, Indonesia

Asserting community land rights using RSPO complaint procedures in Indonesia and Liberia

The complaints procedure of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) is one of the options available to communities threatened by the negative impacts of the palm oil industry. Drawing on direct experiences of supporting communities to use the RSPO complaints mechanism in Indonesia and Liberia, this review summarises how communities can get the most out of this procedure. Realistic outcomes include a temporary freeze on plantation development by palm oil companies while longer term solutions are negotiated.

Afirmando los derechos a la tierra de la comunidad utilizando los procedimientos de quejas y reclamos de la RSPO en Indonesia y Liberia

El procedimiento de quejas y reclamos de la Mesa Redonda sobre el Aceite de Palma Sostenible (RSPO) es una de las opciones disponibles para las comunidades amenazadas por los impactos negativos de la industria del aceite de palma. Con base en las experiencias directas de apoyo a las comunidades para utilizar el mecanismo de quejas y reclamos de la RSPO en Indonesia y Liberia, este documento resume la forma en la cual las comunidades pueden sacar un mayor provecho de este procedimiento.

Indonesia: President renews his pledge to protect indigenous peoples’ rights

7th July 2015: In a recent meeting with the national indigenous peoples’ alliance (AMAN), the Indonesian President vowed to support the Bill on the Recognition and Protection of Indigenous Peoples’ Rights, which has languished in the legislature for several years.  He also committed to setting up a Task Force on Indigenous Peoples and promised to release indigenous persons unfairly criminalized for pursuing their livelihoods.

Securing Forests, Securing rights: Report of the International Workshop on Deforestation and the Rights of Forest Peoples

The global forest crisis is worsening and infringements of the rights of indigenous peoples and forest-dependent communities are rising, according to a detailed assessment of nine country cases. Climate change mitigation and conservation policies must place community land rights and human rights centre-stage if they are to achieve the goal of sustainably reducing deforestation says the report.

The Importance of Mainstreaming Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) in Tenurial Conflict Resolution in Indonesia

A summary of ADR studies in Riau, West Sumatra, Jambi and South Sumatra, Indonesia, by Ahmad Zazali, Executive Director, Scale Up

An ongoing and heated debate is underway over the neglect of public access rights over forest resources in current modes of forest tenure in Indonesia. The role of local communities and their access to natural resources often overlap with the rights accorded to government/state enterprises and the private sector. The exploitation of forest resources has driven large companies to ignore the interests of these communities who live within and depend on forests for their livelihoods. This situation in turn has triggered the emergence of intra- and inter-community social conflict, conflict between communities and the government, as well as conflict between communities and companies.

Since the reform and the implementation of decentralisation policies, natural resource conflicts have become increasingly prevalent in Indonesia. The National Land Agency (BPN) reports that at least 7,491 natural resource conflicts have been dealt with by BPN and the Indonesian police. The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) recorded 359 forest-related conflicts from January 1997 to June 2003. The highest frequency of conflicts occurred in 2000 with 153 recorded cases, or 43% of the total number of cases recorded over those 6 years. Conflicts in ​​Industrial Plantation Forests (HTI) were the highest at 39%, with conservation areas (including protected forests and national parks) representing 34% of conflict cases, and forest concessions (HPH) representing 27%.

La importancia de fomentar la Resolución Alternativa de Conflictos (RAC) para resolver las disputas territoriales en Indonesia

Resumen de estudios de la resolución alternativa de conflictos en Riau, Sumatra Occidental, Jambi y Sumatra Meridional, Indonesia, Ahmad Zazali, director ejecutivo de Scale Up

Hace ya tiempo que en Indonesia mantienen un acalorado debate sobre la falta de atención a los derechos de acceso público a los recursos forestales en las actuales modalidades de tenencia de los bosques. El papel de las comunidades locales y su acceso a los recursos naturales suele solaparse con los derechos concedidos a empresas del gobierno (estatales) y del sector privado. Hay grandes empresas que a la hora de explotar los recursos forestales han hecho caso omiso de los intereses de las comunidades que viven en los bosques y dependen de ellos para su subsistencia. Esta situación a su vez ha provocado conflictos sociales entre comunidades y dentro de una misma comunidad, entre las comunidades y el gobierno, y entre las comunidades y las empresas.

Los conflictos en torno a los recursos naturales se han hecho cada vez más  frecuentes en Indonesia, desde la reforma y la aplicación de políticas de descentralización. Según informa la Agencia Nacional para la Tierra (BPN por sus siglas en indonesio), entre ella y la policía indonesia han atendido al menos 7491 conflictos relacionados con los recursos naturales. El Centro para la Investigación Forestal Internacional (CIFOR) registró 359 conflictos relacionados con los bosques entre enero de 1997 y junio de 2003. La mayor frecuencia de conflictos corresponde al año 2000, en que se registraron 153 casos, el 43% del total de casos registrados en esos 6 años. El porcentaje más alto, un 39%, corresponde a conflictos en bosques con plantaciones industriales, un 34% a conflictos en zonas de conservación (incluyendo bosques protegidos y parques nacionales), y un 27% a conflictos en concesiones forestales.

L’importance d’intégrer les modes alternatifs de règlement des litiges (ADR) dans le règlement des conflits fonciers en Indonésie

Un résumé des études ADR dans les provinces de Riau, Sumatra occidental, Jambi et Sud Sumatra en Indonésie, Ahmad Zazali, Directeur exécutif, Scale UpUn débat vif et continu est engagé au sujet de l'indifférence à l’égard des droits d’accès publics sur les ressources forestières dans les modes du régime foncier en vigueur en Indonésie. Le rôle des communautés locales et leur accès aux ressources naturelles se chevauchent souvent avec les droits accordés aux entreprises gouvernementales et étatiques et au secteur privé. L'exploitation des ressources forestières a conduit les grandes entreprises à ignorer les intérêts des communautés qui vivent dans ces forêts et en sont tributaires pour leurs moyens de subsistance. Cette situation a provoqué l'apparition de conflits sociaux entre les communautés et au sein des communautés, de conflits entre les communautés et le gouvernement, ainsi qu'entre les communautés et les entreprises.

Depuis la réforme et la mise en œuvre des politiques de décentralisation, les conflits relatifs aux ressources naturelles sont de plus en plus fréquents en Indonésie. L'Agence foncière nationale (BPN) indique qu’au moins 7491 conflits liés aux ressources naturelles ont été traités par la BPN et la police indonésienne. Le Centre de recherche forestière internationale (CIFOR) a enregistré 359 conflits forestiers pendant la période allant de janvier 1997 à juin 2003. C'est en 2000 que la fréquence de conflits a été la plus élevée, avec 153 cas enregistrés, soit 43% du nombre total de cas enregistrés au cours de ces 6 années. Les conflits dans les Forêts de plantation industrielles (HTI) étaient les plus nombreux avec 39% des cas, contre 34% des cas de conflit dans les aires de conservation (dont les forêts protégées et les parcs nationaux), et 27% dans les concessions forestières (HPH).

Rural Indonesians Demonstrate to Demand Land Rights and an End to Land Grabs

Following high profile cases of police violence and killings of rural people protesting land grabs, a new alliance of rural people - indigenous peoples, farmers, workers and landless people as well as supportive NGOs - is demanding the repeal of laws which allow the State to expropriate people's lands and resources in favour or large businesses. They are also demanding the passing of new laws that secure the people's rights in land and ensure ecological justice, through agrarian reforms and the recognition of indigenous peoples' rights.