Communities seeking redress for their lands, grabbed for pulpwood plantations in Sumatra, are let down by resolution process, reveals new report.
Indonesia’s new president sets himself a major challenge to clean-up bribery and corruption in the forestry industry.
By Patrick Anderson
In late November, after a month in his new job, Indonesia’s president Joko Widido (Jokowi), travelled to Riau Province, Sumatra, to see for himself the forest destruction that causes smoke and haze to blanket Sumatra, Malaysia and Singapore.
The global forest crisis is worsening and infringements of the rights of indigenous peoples and forest-dependent communities are rising, according to a detailed assessment of nine country cases. Climate change mitigation and conservation policies must place community land rights and human rights centre-stage if they are to achieve the goal of sustainably reducing deforestation says the report.
Indonesia is losing its forests faster than ever. Government efforts to halt the hand out of industrial permits for logging and plantations are failing. Despite its promises to cut back on greenhouse gas emissions, the country is experiencing a run-away process of forest clearance for oil palm estates and pulpwood plantations.
Forest Peoples Programme has been pursuing a major complaint through the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) charging the Indonesian palm oil company, Golden Agri Resources, with multiple violations of the RSPO standard.
PUSAKA and Koalisi Masyaralat Sipil Peduli Ruang Adat Papua
This report documents the limitations and loopholes of Papua's existing Spatial Planning regulations, with recommendations to the Indonesian government towards better recognition and security of Papua's indigenous peoples.
Wilmar's commitment to 'no deforestation' is questioned in new report on land clearing by oil palm concession PT Hendrison Inti Persada (HIP) in Sorong, West Papua.
By FPP partner PUSAKA, with recommendations made to the government of Indonesia, Wilmar, the Norwegian government and the Norway Government Pension Fund Global (GPFG).
According to a recent press report, the nine main Indonesian government agencies concerned with lands and forests have declared their support for indigenous peoples’ rights.
The article looks at the links between oil palm business and public officials. It comes to the conclusion that the prosecution of corrupt officials is failing to stop corruption by elected officials, and that reform of electoral funding laws is needed so that politicians and political parties do not have to reply on bribes or oligarchs to fund their election campaigns.
The Sungai Utik Declaration was the outcome of young indigenous leaders training. The declaration was formed in a highly collaborative drafting process, which followed five days of deep reflection by over twenty young indigenous leaders from Indonesia and the Phillippines.
In a further tragic escalation of the long running land conflict between palm oil developer PT Asiatic Persada and the local Batin Sembilan peoples, also referred to as Suku Anak Dalam, soldiers from the Indonesian army took a villager into custody in the company premises last week after which he was tortured and brutalised. When others protested, five of them were also rounded up, arrested and beaten up. Meanwhile other protesting villagers were chased away by the army repeatedly firing off their weapons.
The UN General Assembly during its 69th session, on 22-23 September this year, will convene a high-level plenary meeting - the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples – to review the implementation of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) since its adoption in 2007, and to identify outstanding issues and actions pertaining to indigenous peoples and development.
Palm oil companies have long been criticised for their damaging clearance, of both forests and peatlands, which contributes significantly to global warming. It is estimated that Indonesia, where deforestation is still increasing despite Presidential promises to halt it, is the world’s third highest emitter of green house gases. This is mainly due to large scale land clearance for palm oil plantations, pulp and paper ventures and transmigration. Considering the ineffectiveness of Government efforts, getting companies to set aside forest and peatland areas within their concessions seems like a sensible way to limit the problem. But, given that most concessions are handed out by governments without first recognising and securing the lands of local communities,what are the implications of these set-asides for the rights and livelihoods of forest peoples?
Las empresas de aceite de palma han sido criticadas durante mucho tiempo por su dañino desbroce tanto de bosques como de turberas, el cual contribuye considerablemente al calentamiento de la Tierra. Se calcula que Indonesia, donde la deforestación sigue en aumento a pesar de las promesas presidenciales de detenerla, es el tercer emisor mundial de gases de efecto invernadero. Esto se debe más que todo al desbroce a gran escala de tierras para destinarlas a plantaciones de aceite de palma, a empresas de pulpa y papel, así como a la transmigración. Dada la ineficacia de los esfuerzos gubernamentales, conseguir que las empresas reserven zonas para bosques y turberas dentro de sus concesiones parece una forma razonable de limitar el problema. Pero, teniendo en cuenta que la mayoría de las concesiones son otorgadas por los Gobiernos sin reconocer ni asegurar primero las tierras de las comunidades locales¿qué implicaciones tendrían esas reservas para los derechos y los medios de vida de los pueblos de los bosques?
Les entreprises du secteur de l’huile de palme sont depuis longtemps critiquées pour leur défrichement nuisible des forêts et des tourbières, qui contribue de façon significative au réchauffement climatique. Selon les estimations, l’Indonésie, où la déforestation est encore en hausse malgré des promesses présidentielles visant à l'arrêter, est le troisième plus important émetteur de gaz à effet de serre du monde. Cela est dû principalement à un défrichement à grande échelle au profit des plantations de palmier à huile, des sociétés du secteur de la pâte à papier et du papier, et de la transmigration. Au vu de l’inefficacité des efforts gouvernementaux, obtenir des entreprises qu’elles conservent des zones forestières et des tourbières sur leurs concessions semble un moyen judicieux pour endiguer le problème. Mais étant donné que la plupart des concessions sont octroyées par les gouvernements sans reconnaître et garantir au préalable les terres des communautés localesquelles sont les implications de ce gel des terres pour les droits et les moyens de subsistance des peuples des forêts ?
Plantation companies seeking to avoid destroying forests and causing climate change have been advised to set aside forests and peatlands within their concessions. But what are the implications for forest peoples? Do they benefit or does this further curtail their rights?
The Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (CAO) of the International Finance Corporation, the World Bank's private sector arm, has just issued a strongly worded report which formally closes its efforts to mediate the resolution of land disputes between affected communities and the oil palm company PT Asiatic Persada (PT AP) in Jambi Province in Indonesia.