This report highlights the connection between biodiversity conservation and forest peoples' livelihoods and customary use. It shows how the current Forest Department-led management continues to threaten the long-term survival of the forest and the people. The traditional resource users call for an urgent shift towards community-based and collaborative management of the Sundarbans to ensure a future both for its biodiversity and its people.
Drawing on five long-term case studies carried out by FPP with indigeneous peoples' organisations in Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Cameroon and Thailand, the paper summarises field data which reveal the remarkable complexity of customary law systems. It proposes a mehtodology for strengthening traditional practices to ensure sustainable use and ensuring that state interventions align with countries' obligations under the CBD and other relevant international treaties.
Contribution to the implementation of Article 10(c) of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Four Baka communities mapped their use of their forests using GIS. These maps, together with an outline of the local administrative and socio-political structures and a record of Baka beliefs and rituals, identify the tension between communities’ customary forest use and conservation objectives. This report aims to help improve implementation of the CBD in Cameroon.
Marauny Na’na Emandobo / Lokono Shikwabana (“Marowijne – our territory”) - Traditional use and management of the Lower Marowijne area by the Kaliña and Lokono
Conceived as a tool to aid Suriname to implement the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), this report describes traditional methods of hunting, fishing, house- and boat-building and also details the customary laws and practices followed by these peoples to ensure that their use of the flora and fauna safeguards the rich biodiversity of the area.
Article 10(c) of the CBD requires States to protect and encourage customary use of biological resources. This study of and by the indigenous Ye'kwana and Sanema peoples of the Upper Caura, Venezuela, demonstrates that their traditional practices are clearly ‘compatible with conservation and sustainable use’. Encouragingly, the legal framework for State compliance already exists and merely needs to be put into practice.