Developing countries’ remaining forests are spaces inhabited by indigenous peoples. These spaces have been shaped, protected and expanded by indigenous peoples over generations. The relationship of indigenous peoples to forests is linked to livelihoods, cultures, world views and traditional knowledge and may be expressed through forms of customary tenure, land use and resource use. By proposing social and rights-based indicators and building blocks, this document promotes a view of REDD+ that is holistic and secures carbon stocks, biodiversity and the rights of forest peoples.
• Low likelihood that Durban will deliver a binding and comprehensive agreement on GHG reductions • No agreement on long-term climate financing while Green Climate Fund talks proceed with difficulty • Limited progress on a Safeguards Information System in REDD+ • UNFCCC considers non-carbon values of REDD+ • Indigenous Peoples adopt “Oaxaca Action Plan” on climate
Governments gathering in Durban in late November for COP17 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) face a daunting task. They will have to make progress on crafting an agreement on greenhouse gas emissions reductions within an effective, monitorable and binding legal framework, while securing the necessary financial resources needed to support developing countries on their path towards low carbon development. The survival of the Kyoto protocol is at stake. Some countries will not support the second commitment period: the United States is advocating for a “pledge and review” system, while other countries propose a broader instrument that would engage both developed and developing countries.
This background note updates and expands a previous memorandum prepared in April 2011 by Francesco Martone and Jennifer Rubis for the first meeting of the Transitional Committee and is meant to provide a summary of key issues related to the Green Climate Fund and the discussions held at the Transitional Committee in recent months.
Read the background note here in English.