In April and May 2013 the Wapichan people of southern Guyana sent clear messages to the government that all mining and other developments must respect their customary land rights and uphold the principle of free, prior and informed consent (FPIC).
Pada bulan April dan Mei 2013 masyarakat Wapichan di Guyana selatan mengirim pesan yang jelas kepada pemerintah bahwa semua penambangan dan pembangunan lainnya harus menghormati hak-hak adat mereka atas tanah dan menegakkan prinsip keputusan bebas, didahulukan dan diinformasikan (KBDD/FPIC). Desa Wapichan kini tengah melakukan dialog baru dengan pemerintah tentang langkah-langkah yang diperlukan untuk mengakui dan menjamin tanah mereka, termasuk rencana pembentukan sebuah hutan luas berbasis komunitas di hulu Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Essequibo.
In March 2013 a delegation of six members of the Organisation of Kalin’a and Lokono peoples in Marowijne (KLIM) from Suriname travelled to the South Central and Deep South regions of Guyana to visit the Wapichan and Makushi people (united in SCPDA, the South Central Peoples Development Association) to exchange experiences and approaches related to community resource mapping and territorial management planning. The exchange visit between the Forest Peoples Programme partners demonstrated the great value and benefits of community-to-community learning. This was a long-standing wish of KLIM and SCPDA and was made possible through a grant from Siemenpuu Foundation.
Sebuah pertukaran kunjungan baru-baru ini antara mitra Forest Peoples Programme dari Suriname dan Guyana menunjukkan nilai dan manfaat yang luar biasa dari pembelajaran antar masyarakat. Di bulan Maret 2013 sebuah delegasi beranggotakan enam anggota organisasi masyarakat Kalin’a and Lokono di Marowijne (KLIM) dari Suriname mengunjungi kawasan tengah selatan dan ujung selatan Guyana untuk mengunjungi masyarakat Wapichan dan Makushi (yang tergabung dalam SCPDA - the South Central Peoples Development Association atau Asosiasi Pengembangan Masyarakat Kawasan Tengah Selatan) untuk bertukar pengalaman dan pendekatan terkait pemetaan sumber daya masyarakat dan perencanaan pengelolaan wilayah. Ini merupakan sesuatu yang sudah sejak lama diharapkan oleh KLIM dan SCPDA dan berhasil diwujudkan melalui sebuah hibah dari Siemenpuu Foundation.
After years of painstaking work and multiple community consultations, the indigenous Wapichan people of southern Guyana have set out agreements and proposals for caring for their territory in a ground-breaking plan titled Baokopa’o wa di’itinpan wadauniinao ati’o nii (Thinking together for those coming behind us).
- Completion of a community digital map of traditional use and occupation of Wapichan wiizi (territory) by Wapichan mappers and a GIS specialist.
- Community map is based on thousands of waypoints geo-referenced with satellite imagery.
- The land use map has been finalised through multiple validation meetings in Wapichan communities as well as consultations with the Makushi and Wai Wai communities to the North and South of Wapichan territory.
- Over 80 community consultations and workshops have been carried out to compile the innovative territorial plan titled Thinking Together for those Coming Behind Us.
- The land use plan includes proposals to establish a Wapichan Conserved Forest and contains dozens of inter-community agreements on actions to secure land rights, promote sustainable use of resources and enable self-determined community development.
- Participants at the Wapichan map and plan launch event in Georgetown, Guyana, praised the work as a potential model for other indigenous peoples in Guyana, and throughout the world.
Georgetown, 7 February: The indigenous Wapichan people of Guyana, South America, will make public today a locally-made digital map of their traditional territory alongside a ground-breaking community proposal to care for 1.4 million ha of pristine rainforest for the benefit of their communities and the world. The territory’s rich variety of rainforests, mountains, wetlands, savannah grasslands and tropical woodlands are the homeland of 20 communities, who make a living from small-scale farming, hunting, fishing and gathering, which they have practised over the whole area for generations. The same area, located in the South Rupununi District, south-west Guyana, has an outstanding abundance of wildlife, including endangered species such as giant river otters, jaguars, and rare bush dogs as well as endemic species of fish and birds, like the Rio Branco Antbird.
The grassroots proposal comes at a crucial time because the entire Wapichan territory in Guyana, like many other parts of the Amazon basin and Guiana Shield, is threatened by mega road and dam projects as well as external plans for logging, mining and agribusiness development. In common with many indigenous peoples across Guyana and South America, the communities are vulnerable to land grabs and marginalisation because they lack secure legal title over much of their traditional lands.
After years of hard work, the Wapichan people of southern Guyana have finalised their community map, which demonstrates the full extent of the Wapichan territory and the customary use of the land and resources by the Wapichan communities. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions (WG8(j)-6) meeting in Montreal was used as an opportunity to present this map to the public. The international audience was greatly impressed by this community-based initiative and praised its value.
Wa Wiizi - Wa Kaduzu Our territory - Our Custom Customary Use of Biological Resources and Related Traditional Practices within Wapichan Territory in Guyana - an indigenous case study
This study summarises how the Wapichan people in Guyana customarily use biological resources within their traditional territory in the South Rupununi, and explores the opportunities and challenges relating to effective implementation of article 10(c) of the CBD at the local and national level.