By Samuel Nnah Ndobe. The notion of indigenous people has sometimes been controversial in Africa. There are some opinions that consider all Africans as indigenous people liberated from colonial powers, while others simply stress that it is very difficult to determine who is indigenous in Africa.
As multiple international agencies adopt and update their social and environmental policies, this special edition Forest Peoples Programme E-Newsletter reviews experiences of communities and civil society with the safeguard policies of various international financial institutions.
Although the World Bank has produced its Project Implementation Completion Report (ICR) signaling the end of its role in the project, this investigation by three NGOs identifies too many outstanding environmental, livelihood and compensation problems for the World Bank to turn its back on.
Report on the Bagyeli communities living along the pipeline route - Southern Cameroon(as presented at the International Workshop on Indigenous Peoples, the Extractive Industries and the World Bank, April 2003)