Resources

'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 5: PT REA Kaltim Plantations and the Dayak and Kutai peoples of Kutai Kartanegara and Tabang, East Kalimantan

This is the fifth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

East Kalimantan attracts significant domestic and national investment due to the lucrative potential of its natural resources. In Kutai Kartanegara district alone (where PT REA Kaltim Plantations is locaded), oil, natural gas and coal mining represent over 77% of the local economy. The development of oil palm plantations on Non Forest Cultivation Areas has been relentless with an increase of 30% in the last seven years, and a further 4.7 million ha projected for conversion by 2025.

A range of negative ecological and social impacts have resulted from the ill-regulated acquisition of land for natural resource eploitation in East Kalimantan.

'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 7: Update on IFC CAO mediation in PT Asiatic Persada (Jambi, Indonesia)

This is the seventh chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

On 19th – 24th April 2013, Sawit Watch,Forest Peoples Programme and Setara Jambi visited PT Asiatic Persada to assess progress in IFC CAO mediation of land conflicts in indigenous Batin Sembilan communities of six villages: Mat Ukup, Terawang, Pinang Tinggi, Sungai Beruang, KopSad and Kelompok Bidin. The team also interviewed relevant local NGOs (Perkumpulan Hijau and CAPPA) and the IFC CAO mediators. The company did not respond to the team’s request to meet.

'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 9: Sarawak: IOI-Pelita and the community of Long Teran Kanan

This is the ninth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

This case study looks in some detail at oil palm concessions granted in 1996 to a local joint venture company Rinwood-Pelita on the middle Tinjar river in northern Sarawak which overlaps the customary lands of communities of the Berawan, Kayan and Kenyah peoples. The local enterprise was acquired by the Malaysian transnational palm oil company, IOI, a prominent member of the RSPO, in 2006.

'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 10: Sabah: Genting Plantations and the Sungai and Dusun Peoples

This is the tenth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

This study examines an oil palm plantation being developed in the very centre of Sabah by the Kuala Lumpur-based Malaysian company Genting, which has interests in real estate development, casinos, tourism as well as palm oil. Its subsidiary Tanjung Bahagia Sdn Bhd has opened up some 8,000 ha of lands with an associated palm oil mill on lands claimed by the Sungai and Dusun peoples of Tongod District in the headwaters of the Kinabatangan river. After unsuccessful attempts at dialogue with the company and appeals to the government, in 2002, the communities took their case to court. During the past 10 years, the case has proceeded laboriously through the hierarchy of high courts, appeals courts and the Federal Court but owing to sustained objections by the defendants the communities’ pleadings have yet to be heard. The case exemplifies the tensions between the RSPO’s voluntary standard, which requires respect for customary rights and the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent, and the State’s laws and land allocation procedures, which deny these same rights.

'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 11 The Mani people of Thailand on the agricultural frontier

This is the eleventh chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

This paper results from a short diagnostic survey, undertaken jointly by the Indigenous Peoples Foundation of Thailand and the Forest Peoples Programme in January 2013. The study aimed to ascertain the situation of the Mani people in relation to agricultural expansion, draw attention to their plight and consolidate links between them and the indigenous peoples of the north.

Mining the Womb of the Earth: Struggles of Indigenous Women against destructive mining

This publication, published by AIPP, is a collection of stories of struggle of some indigenous women in Asia who directly face the negative impacts of mining. This publication is part of the Indigenous Peoples Human Rights Defenders Network (IPHRD Net) efforts to inform actors and stakeholders of the efforts of indigenous women and their communities to address violations of their rights, particularly their collective rights as indigenous peoples. The IPHRD Net is supported by the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR).

FPP E-Newsletter December 2013 (PDF Version)

Dear Friends,

What are the prospects for securing the land rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, and women in the foreseeable future?

Significantly, the report of the United Nations Secretary-General’s High Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, under Goal 1 to “End Poverty”, sets a target to “Increase by x% the share of women and men, communities, and businesses with secure rights to land, property, and other assets”.

Mediation: Strategy or Objective? Reflections on the conflict mediation process between PT Asiatic Persada and the Suku Anak Dalam (Batin Sembilan) communities of Jambi, Indonesia

This report summarises the various phases of the mediation process between PT Asiatic Persada and the Batin Sembilan communities in Jambi, Sumatra, including the initial phase of mediation by SETARA and the second phase of mediation facilitated by the Joint Mediation Team of the International Finance Corporation Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman (IFC CAO) and the Jambi province government.

Indonesia: IFC CAO withdraws from mediation process in PT Asiatic Persada oil palm concession

The International Finance Corporation Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman (IFC CAO) has formally announced its withdrawal from the case of PT Asiatic Persada, following the sale of the concession by Wilmar in April 2013, and the new management’s decision to continue mediation through a government team instead. This is despite the fact that the affected Batin Sembilan communities and complaint signatory NGOs have repeatedly called on the IFC CAO to continue its role as mediator and to encourage the company to pursue this avenue towards conflict resolution.

Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads

Click here to read related PRESS RELEASE.

Read this report in English or in Bahasa Indonesia

Growing global demand for palm oil is fuelling the large-scale expansion of oil palm plantations across Southeast Asia and Africa. Concerns about the environmental and social impacts of the conversion of vast tracts of land to monocrop plantations led in 2004 to the establishment of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), which encourages oil palm expansion in ways that do not destroy high conservation values or cause social conflict. Numerous international agencies have also called for reforms of national frameworks to secure communities’ rights and to develop sound land governance.