Indonesia’s largest palm oil company, Sinar Mas, ran into trouble recently when communities in Liberia complained about a 33,000 ha.
This report provides an account of a short investigation carried out by the RSPO's Ad Hoc Working Group on High Conservation Values in Indonesia. It is being circulated to promote comprehension and discussion about the legal and procedural obstacles to securing such values in the oil palm sector in Indonesia with the view to promoting changes and legal reforms in order to secure these values more effectively. This version includes detailed comments on the report by Wilmar International.
Globally oil palm plantations continue to expand at a rapid rate. World leader, Indonesia, has raced past Malaysia to become the number one producer. Latest data from the Indonesian watchdog NGO, SawitWatch, suggests that oil palm plantations in Indonesia now cover 11 million hectares, up from 6 million hectares only five years ago. New plantings are spreading to the smaller islands of the archipelago and to the less developed areas of eastern Indonesia. Hopes that a Presidential promise of a 2 year moratorium on forest clearance would slow the crop’s expansion – part of a deal to reduce green house gas emissions - have also evaporated as the government has excepted areas where preliminary permits have already been handed out.
Les plantations de palmier à huile continuent de s’étendre au niveau mondial à une cadence rapide. Le leader mondial du secteur, l’Indonésie, a devancé la Malaisie pour devenir le premier producteur au monde. Les données les plus récentes d’une ONG indonésienne qui surveille les développements, SawitWatch, indiquent que les plantations de palmier à huile en Indonésie recouvrent désormais 11 millions d’hectares, alors qu’elles recouvraient 6 millions d’hectares il y a seulement cinq ans. De nouvelles plantations se propagent aux îles plus petites de l'archipel, et aux zones moins avancées de l'Indonésie orientale. Les espoirs liés à une promesse du Président d’instaurer un moratoire de deux ans sur la déforestation pour freiner l’expansion de cette culture (dans le cadre d’un accord pour réduire les émissions de gaz à effet de serre) se sont également évanouis, puisque le gouvernement a exclu les zones pour lesquelles des permis préliminaires ont déjà été accordés.
A new oil palm plantation being developed in Indonesian Borneo (West Kalimantan) has relinquished community lands to which it had gained a government permit. The company PT Agro Wiratama, a member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and subsidiary of the giant Musim Mas group, agreed to relinquish more than 1,000 hectares of its 9,000 hectare concession back to the community, following interventions by community representatives and NGOs. This is a breakthrough in the context of a pattern of development whereby millions of hectares of large-scale oil palm plantations have been established without consent on indigenous peoples’ land. Forest Peoples Programme spotted PT Agro Wiratama’s plans to open up this area on the RSPO website and alerted NGO partners in Borneo, who were able to work with the community and help them negotiate with the company and local government to get their lands recognised.
Une nouvelle plantation de palmiers à huile en cours de développement au Bornéo indonésien (Kalimantan occidental) a renoncé à des terres communautaires pour lesquelles elle avait obtenu un permis du gouvernement. La société PT Agro Wiratama, membre de la Table ronde pour une huile de palme durable (RSPO) et filiale du géant Musim Mas, a accepté de céder plus de 1 000 hectares sur les 9 000 hectares de sa concession à la communauté, suite aux interventions des représentants de la communauté et des ONG. Ceci représente une avancée capitale dans le contexte d’un développement où des millions d’hectares de plantations à grande échelle de palmiers à huile ont été établis sur les terres des peuples autochtones sans leur consentement. Le Forest Peoples Programme a pris connaissance des plans de PT Agro Wiratama visant à ouvrir cette zone sur le site web de la RSPO et a alerté les ONG partenaires à Bornéo, qui ont pu travailler avec la communauté et l’aider à négocier avec la société et le gouvernement local pour que ses terres soient reconnues.
PONTIANAK - A new oil palm plantation being developed in Indonesian Borneo (West Kalimantan) has relinquished community lands to which it had gained a government permit. The company PT Agro Wiratama, a member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and subsidiary of the giant Musim Mas group, agreed to relinquish more than 1,000 hectares of its 9,000 hectare concession back to the community, following interventions by community representatives and NGOs.
This report summarises the findings of a field investigation and legal study which shows how voluntary efforts by companies to set aside areas for community livelihoods and for conservation are being frustrated by the ill-fit between the RSPO's procedures - using the 'High Conservation Values' approach - and national laws and procedures. The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) is to meet in Kuala Lumpur from 1-4 November 2009.
A synthesis of training materials devised for communities and companies, and also local government, about how successful procedures can be carried out in line with the principle of FPIC - free, prior and informed consent - to enable indigenous peoples, local communities and other stakeholders to express their views in negotiations and for these views and wishes to be included in the RSPO's decision-making processes.
In July 2007, Forest Peoples Programme with 18 other NGOs including local groups in Indonesia filed a complaint with the International Finance Corporation's (IFC) Compliance Advisory Ombudsman (CAO) about the IFC's funding of the palm oil producing and trading company, Wilmar. The complaint raised concerns about the impacts of Wilmar's operations on local communities, company violations of Indonesian laws and environmental policies, and IFC staff's violations of IFC policies and procedures. We also complained that the IFC, as a member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), was contravening RSPO rules by asserting on the IFC website that Wilmar's operations were compliant with the RSPO's standard.
This report reveals escalating conflicts between indigenous peoples and oil palm companies due to the rapid expansion of plantations in the Malaysian State of Sarawak. Based on field interviews with community representatives in 12 different villages the report details:
- rapid rate of expansion of oil palm plantations in Sarawak
- reasons for the conflicts over native customary lands
- why some 40 legal cases about land conflicts between communities and oil palm companies are now clogging the courts in Sarawak
- concerns raised by the communities about the plantations
- how the process of oil palm development in Sarawak is contrary to international standards adopted by the Rountable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO)
- recommendations for reform
'It's as if we are ghosts on our own land. We have been so pierced through by the spines on the oil palm that we are almost dead, left haunting what was once our own land. We don't usually say this, but this is how it is really. We need to make our case ourselves and explain how the oil palm is hurting us.' The words of a participant at one of the many workshops documented in this illustrated book which addresses the principles and practicalities of standard setting in palm-oil production under the umbrella of the 'Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil' (RSPO).
ISBN 979-15188-2-3 Also available in Bahasa as a book from the FPP office: email@example.com
THIS BOOK HAS BEEN ATTACHED HERE IN SECTIONS DUE TO THE SIZE OF THE FILES. THERE IS ALSO A PDF TEXT ONLY VERSION. HARD COPY OF BOOK AVAILABLE FROM FPP OFFICE IN BOTH ENGLISH AND BAHASA.