Many decisions of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) contain language on indigenous peoples and local communities*, for instance on their full and effective participation, impacts on their lands and livelihoods, the value and contribution of their traditional knowledge and customary sustainable use, and the need for support in capacity building.
In this guide we provide a selection of main COP10 (18-29 October 2010, Japan) decisions that contain references to indigenous peoples and local communities.
COP10 established the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing, as well as the Tkarihwaié:ri Code of Ethical Conduct on Respect for the Cultural and Intellectual Heritage of Indigenous and Local Communities Relevant for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biological Diversity. Both are included in this guide. COP10 also adopted a new Strategic Plan for 2010-2020 and new Biodiversity Targets. These are also addressed in this issue.
Click here to read the working draft of the guide (in English only).
* FPP and IIFB hold the position that indigenous peoples must be recognised as peoples, however the CBD terminology is ‘indigenous and local communities’ (ILCs) which is therefore used in this guide.