Synthesis Paper - 10(c) Case Studies

Synthesis Paper - Customary sustainable use of biodiversity by indigenous peoples and local communities: Examples, challenges, community initiatives and recommendations relating to CBD Article 10(c)

A Synthesis Paper based on Case Studies from Bangladesh, Cameroon, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela, Suriname and Thailand.

Bangladesh - Cyclone Aila: continued suffering one year on

Cyclone Aila hit the south-western coastal belt of Bangladesh, more specifically the Satkhira and Khulna Districts, on 25 May 2009, affecting almost 2.3 million people and immediately killing 325. The tidal surge, which measured 10-13m, inundated the region and washed away huge numbers of houses, livestock, crops and other resources within a very short time.

Bangladesh - Ciclón Aila: el sufrimiento continúa un año después

El ciclón Aila azotó el cinturón costero del sudoeste de Bangladesh, más concretamente los distritos de Satkhira y Khulna, el 25 de mayo de 2009, afectando a casi 2,3 millones de personas y matando inmediatamente 325 víctimas. La marejada ciclónica, que midió entre 10 y 13 metros, inundó la región y arrolló un número enorme de casas, cabezas de ganado, cultivos y otros recursos en muy poco tiempo.

Cyclone Aila's devastation of the Bangladesh coast - another victim of climate change?

On 25 May cyclone Aila swept through the villages of traditional resource-users of the Sundarbans forest, Bangladesh. Disasters like Aila (2009) and Sidr (2007) have forced more than a million people to lose their homes and to migrate from their regions. Kushal Roy, Senior Research Associate with FPP partner Unnayan Onneshan, reports on the trail of destruction left by Aila and asks whether the increasingly volatile weather patterns are a direct result of global climate change. 

El ciclón Aila arrasa la costa de Bangladesh - ¿Otra víctima del cambio climático?

El 25 de mayo el ciclón Aila arrolló los pueblos de los usuarios tradicionales de los recursos del bosque Sundarbans de Bangladesh. Catástrofes como la del Aila (2009) y el Sidr (2007) han obligado a más de un millón de personas a abandonar sus hogares y emigrar a otras regiones. Kushal Roy, investigador superior asociado de la organización Unnayan Onneshan (socia del FPP), ha informado de la destrucción que Aila ha dejado a su paso y pregunta si los crecientemente volátiles patrones meteorológicos son resultado directo del cambio climático mundial. 

Resuscitating the Sundarbans: Customary use of biodiversity & traditional cultural practices in Bangladesh - 10(c) Case Study

This report highlights the connection between biodiversity conservation and forest peoples' livelihoods and customary use. It shows how the current Forest Department-led management continues to threaten the long-term survival of the forest and the people. The traditional resource users call for an urgent shift towards community-based and collaborative management of the Sundarbans to ensure a future both for its biodiversity and its people.

Deserting the Sundarbans: Local peoples' perspective on ADB-GEF-Netherlands funded Sundarbans biodiversity conservation project

The US$77.3m Sundarbans Biodiversity Conservation Project was suspended three years early because of its failure to conserve biological diversity and reduce poverty in the Sundarbans. This report provides an analysis of the project's design flaws and consequent disintegration, and identifies means of making good the damage done.


47 pages   Unnayan Onneshan, Nijera kori, FPP