The recognition of indigenous peoples’ rights is a recent development on the African continent. The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights has, over the last decade, given heightened attention to indigenous peoples’ rights, notably through the creation of its Working Group on Indigenous Populations/Communities (WGIP) in 2000. This is mostly due to the efforts of civil society organisations which have documented the obstacles faced by indigenous peoples in the enjoyment of their individual and collective rights, and which have brought the many instances where these rights have been violated to the attention of the Commission.
Cameroon's periodic State report to the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) was presented at the 47th Ordinary Session held in May 2010 in Banjul, The Gambia, May 2010. A network of Baka, Bakola, Bagyeli and Bedzang peoples submitted an alternative report which broadly fed into the discussions and the Concluding Observations adopted by the Commission.