Manaus Declaration “Indigenous Peoples in Route to the Rio + 20 Conference"

We, representatives of indigenous peoples’ communities, organizations and networks from Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia, Africa and North America, came together to unite on how we can engage effectively with the preparatory processes and the conference proper of the UN Conference on Sustainable Development or Rio Plus 20. We thank the Ford Foundation, Fondo Indigena and UN WOMEN for providing the resources to allow for this meeting to happen. We also thank COICA, the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, the Inter-tribal Committee and COIAB, for co-organizing this event.

We recalled our active participation in the Rio Earth Summit in 1992 and the parallel processes we organized which resulted into the Kari-oca Indigenous Peoples’ Declaration. The UNCED documents which included the Rio Declaration and Agenda 21 recognized the vital role of indigenous peoples in sustainable development and identified them as one of the 9 Major Groups.

Pluspetrol negotiates expansion of Camisea gas Project with boxes of paracetamol and pens and paper

Nahua testimony reveals the expansion plans of the Camisea Project within a Reserve for isolated indigenous peoples and the efforts of the consortium to distort the facts. See video link of testimony and full transcript of testimony.

In April 2011 a group of Nahua hunters, indigenous inhabitants of the ‘Kugapakori, Nahua and Nanti reserve for peoples in isolation and initial contact’ in South East Peru were surprised to bump into a team of investigators conducting environmental surveys in the headwaters of the remote river Serjali. The researchers were working for Environmental Resources Management (ERM), an environmental consultancy that had been hired by the Camisea gas consortium, a mega natural gas project with operations in the neighbouring river basin.

The Nahua were outraged they were being treated with such disregard and forced ERM to leave. Pluspetrol, the Argentine energy company and consortium leader, managed to smooth over a potential conflict; persuading the Nahua that they didn’t need to worry about potential contamination as these investigations weren’t connected to the search for oil and gas but were simply efforts to monitor the local wildlife.

Pluspetrol negocia ampliación de Camisea con cajas de paracetamol, lápices de colores y cuadernos

Testimonio Nahua revela los planes de expansión del proyecto Camisea sobre reserva para pueblos indígenas en aislamiento voluntario y el distorsionado discurso de la empresa. 

En abril de 2011, un grupo de cazadores Nahua habitantes de la Reserva Kugapakori, Nahua y Nanti para Pueblos en Aislamiento y Contacto Inicial, en el sureste del Perú, sorprendió a un equipo de investigación de la consultora ambiental Environmental Resources Management (ERM) en las cabeceras del río Serjali en pleno corazón de la reserva y territorio ancestral Nahua. ERM había  sido contratada por el consorcio Camisea, un mega proyecto de gas que opera en la cuenca vecina.

Los Nahua, furiosos por ser ignorados, expulsaron a los trabajadores. Para evitar un conflicto, la empresa argentina líder del Consorcio Camisea convenció a los Nahua de no  preocuparse por una contaminación potencial ya que las investigaciones "no están conectadas con la búsqueda de petróleo y gas, sino que fueron simplemente esfuerzos para monitorear la fauna silvestre".

What does it mean to be vulnerable? Why is the Camisea consortium questioning the existence of isolated peoples and how has Peruvian government policy contributed to this unfolding crisis in the Nahua/Kugapakori Reserve?

The planned expansion of the Camisea gas project within both Nahua territory and the Nahua/Kugapakori Reserve in South East Peru raises a series of legal, moral and social questions that address the complexities of a major gas project operating in the territories of isolated indigenous peoples.

¿Qué significa ser vulnerable? ¿Por qué el Consorcio Camisea cuestiona la existencia de pueblos en aislamiento? ¿Cómo la política del gobierno peruano contribuye con la crisis actual de la Reserva Nahua / Kugapakori?

La expansión del proyecto de gas de Camisea a los territorios Nahua y la Reserva Nahua/Kugapakori en el sur este del Perú implica una serie de cuestiones legales, morales y sociales agravadas por la complejidad que supone operar un proyecto de este tipo en territorios de pueblos indígenas en aislamientoVéase este