Growing global demand for palm oil is fuelling the large-scale expansion of oil palm plantations across Southeast Asia and Africa. Concerns about the environmental and social impacts of the conversion of vast tracts of land to monocrop plantations led in 2004 to the establishment of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO), which encourages oil palm expansion in ways that do not destroy high conservation values or cause social conflict. Numerous international agencies have also called for reforms of national frameworks to secure communities’ rights and to develop sound land governance.
La croissance de la demande mondiale en huile de palme favorise l’expansion à grande échelle des plantations de palmiers à huile en Asie du Sud-Est et en Afrique. Les préoccupations concernant les impacts environnementaux et sociaux de la conversion de vastes étendues de terre en plantations de monocultures ont motivé la mise en place, en 2004, de la Table ronde pour la production durable de l’huile de palme (RSPO), qui encourage l’expansion de la production de palmiers à huile sans que celle-ci entraîne la destruction de hautes valeurs de conservation ni des conflits sociaux. De nombreux organismes internationaux ont également réclamé la réforme des cadres nationaux afin de sauvegarder les droits des communautés et d’établir une bonne gouvernance foncière.
The subject of this request is the extreme harm caused to indigenous Papuans by the Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate project (the MIFEE project), a State-initiated, agro-industrial mega-project implemented by a variety of corporate entities that, to-date, encompasses around 2.5 million hectares of traditional indigenous lands in Merauke. The affected indigenous peoples have already lost a considerable area of their lands due to acquisition by these companies and conversion to plantations of one kind or another. The irreparable harm they have already experienced continues to expand and intensify as more companies commence operations.
RE: Civil society inputs to the public consultation on the thematic report on indigenous peoples and business and human rights.
This briefing, launched on the occasion of the 10th Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RT10), draws together the key findings of fourteen studies on FPIC in RSPO member/certified plantations based on the RSPO Principles & Criteria (P&C) and related Indicators and Guidance, and makes recommendations for reforms in the way palm oil companies honour the principle of FPIC and respect customary rights to land.
THIS BRIEFING IS PART OF THE FPP SERIES ON RIGHTS, FORESTS AND CLIMATE
Read the National Update on REDD+ in Indonesia here.
OverviewFor several years the Forest Peoples Programme has worked with the national NGO Pusaka and local partners in six Indonesian provinces and at the national level, to help indigenous peoples, local communities and local NGOs understand REDD+ and the obligations on governments and REDD+ developers to respect community rights. These briefings draw on this work and review REDD+ developments in Aceh, Riau, Central Kalimantan, Central Sulawesi, Papua and West Papua and at the national level, from the perspective of the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.