Forest Peoples Programme Supporting forest peoples’ rights

Huile de palme et la RSPO (Table ronde sur la production durable d'huile de palme)

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'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 15: SG Sustainable Oils Cameroon PLC (SGSOC) in South West Cameroon

Christopher Fon Achobang, Samuel Nguiffo and Brendan Schwartz

16 Décembre, 2013

This is the fifthteenth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

On 17th September 2009, SG Sustainable Oils Cameroon PLC (SGSOC) signed a contract with the Cameroonian government to develop a large industrial oil palm plantation and refinery. SGSOC is 100% owned by the American company Herakles Farms, an affiliate of Herakles Capital, an Africa-focused private investment firm involved in the telecommunications, energy, infrastructure, mining and agroindustrial sectors.

SGSOC's project has been the subject of great controversy over the last two years. Local communities, conservation groups, and NGOs have expressed opposition to the project due to its numerous negative social and environmental impacts. However, Herakles claims the project will contribute to socio-economic development and environmental protection. Yet in September 2012, the firm withdrew their application for membership of the RSPO in reaction to a formal complaint lodged against them and widespread criticism of their project.

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'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 16: Democratic Republic of Congo: Congo Oil and Derivatives, SARL

Stéphanie Vig with Jean-Marie Muanda

16 Décembre, 2013

This is the sixteeth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

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'Conflict or Consent?' Conclusions and recommendations

Marcus Colchester, Sophie Chao and Norman Jiwan

16 Décembre, 2013

This is the concluding chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

This chapter looks at the conclusions and recommendations to be made from the studies within this document.

The findings of these studies expose the gulf that exists between the law and the RSPO standard and point to the urgent need for governance and legal reforms to adequately protect community rights from expropriation and provide just remedies for abuses. Equally critical are development processes achieved through legal, policy and governance reforms to protect indigenous peoples’ and farmers' land rights, prevent ‘land grabs’, ensure fair processes of negotiation over land, build community capacity and ensure mechanisms for the resolution of land conflicts. Full supply chain traceability is needed in which environmental protections are matched with comprehensive protections of human rights. Such accountability should equally apply to investors. Widespread and effective compliance with the RSPO standard depends on respect for human rights, good governance, transparency, accountability, rule of law and access to justice. While the RSPO standard itself needs to be strengthened and enforced, so long as national laws and policies allocate lands to companies without respect for community rights, company compliance will be hard to achieve and further conflict inevitable.

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'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 2: PT Surya Sawit Sejati and the Waringin people of Kotawaringin Barat, Central Kalimantan

Asep Y. Firdaus, Y.L. Franky, Fatilda Hasibuan and Edy Subahani with Andi Kiki

13 Décembre, 2013

This is the second chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'

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'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 3: PT Mustika Sembuluh and the Dayak Temuan of Central Kalimantan

Sophie Chao, Agustinus Karlo Lumban Raja, Fandy Achmad Chalifah and Tawangatri Kusumohartono

13 Décembre, 2013

This is the third chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

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Introduction

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'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 4: PT Permata Hijau Pasaman I and the Kapa and Sasak peoples of Pasaman Barat, West Sumatra

Patrick Anderson, Fatilda Hasibuan, Asep Yunan Firdaus, Afrizal, Zulkifli and Nurul Firmansyah

13 Décembre, 2013

This is the fourth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

Introduction:

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'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 5: PT REA Kaltim Plantations and the Dayak and Kutai peoples of Kutai Kartanegara and Tabang, East Kalimantan

Sophie Chao, Emil Kleden, Agustinus Karlo Lumban Raja, Isal Wardhana and Intan Cinditiara

13 Décembre, 2013

This is the fifth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

East Kalimantan attracts significant domestic and national investment due to the lucrative potential of its natural resources. In Kutai Kartanegara district alone (where PT REA Kaltim Plantations is locaded), oil, natural gas and coal mining represent over 77% of the local economy. The development of oil palm plantations on Non Forest Cultivation Areas has been relentless with an increase of 30% in the last seven years, and a further 4.7 million ha projected for conversion by 2025.

A range of negative ecological and social impacts have resulted from the ill-regulated acquisition of land for natural resource eploitation in East Kalimantan.

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'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 6: PT Bangun Nusa Mandiri and the Dayak Jelai and Dayak Kendawangan peoples of Ketapang district, West Kalimantan

Norman Jiwan, Andiko Sutan Mancayo, Antonius Priyani Widjaya, Tawangatri Kusumohartono and Nikodemus Ale

13 Décembre, 2013

This is the sixth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

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'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 7: Update on IFC CAO mediation in PT Asiatic Persada (Jambi, Indonesia)

Sophie Chao

13 Décembre, 2013

This is the seventh chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

On 19th – 24th April 2013, Sawit Watch,Forest Peoples Programme and Setara Jambi visited PT Asiatic Persada to assess progress in IFC CAO mediation of land conflicts in indigenous Batin Sembilan communities of six villages: Mat Ukup, Terawang, Pinang Tinggi, Sungai Beruang, KopSad and Kelompok Bidin. The team also interviewed relevant local NGOs (Perkumpulan Hijau and CAPPA) and the IFC CAO mediators. The company did not respond to the team’s request to meet.

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'Conflict or Consent?' Chapter 8: Overview of the palm oil sector and FPIC in Palawan, Philippines

Arthur Neame and Portia Villarante

13 Décembre, 2013

This is the eighth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.

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