Forest Peoples Programme Supporting forest peoples’ rights

Guiding principles

Forest Peoples Programme (FPP) was founded to support peoples who live in forests and depend on them for their livelihoods. FPP aims to create a political space for them to secure their rights, control their lands and decide their own futures. Below are the cross-cutting core concepts that guide the approach and work of FPP.

Free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)

‘Free prior and informed consent’ (FPIC), is the principle that a community has the right to give or withhold its consent to proposed projects that may affect the lands they customarily own, occupy or otherwise use. FPIC, for years advanced by FPP, is now a key principle in international law and jurisprudence related to indigenous peoples.


FPP works to realise forest peoples’ right to self-determination, a fundamental right of all peoples that underpins the work of the United Nations. That this right also applies to peoples within nation states is made explicitly clear in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in Articles 3 and 4.