Forest Peoples Programme Supporting forest peoples’ rights

United Organisation for Batwa Development in Uganda (UOBDU)



In 2000 the Batwa organized themselves and formed their own organisation, the United Organisation for Batwa Development in Uganda (UOBDU).  Its aim is to support Batwa in south west Uganda to address their land problems and help them develop sustainable alternative livelihoods.  Through its Batwa members, UOBDU has identified four key areas it hopes to address including:

  • Land and Housing;
  • Education and Adult Literacy;
  • Income Generation including Agriculture; and
  • Forest Access and Benefit-Sharing.

Among these priority areas, securing their rights to land and forest resources are an integral part of Batwa’s own strategy to build more secure livelihoods, since their landlessness and restricted access to forests have contributed so significantly to their persistent social and economic marginalisation in Southwest Uganda.

FPP has supported UOBDU since its creation in 2000. In the early years of the organisation UOBDU spent a great deal of time lobbying government, NGOs and donors in the region to include Batwa communities within their programmes.  As a result today there have been significant changes to NGO and donor programmes, with most now accepting the need to design and implement special measures to help Batwa overcome their poverty, landlessness and socio-economic marginalisation.

UOBDU is now working hard to ensure that Batwa communities across the region are able to participate fully in the design, planning, implementation and evaluation of new initiatives targeting them. This work is in addition to its continued work to help Batwa overcome the negative impacts from existing projects, including conservation projects such as Mgahinga and Bwindi National Parks, which overlay traditional forests upon which Batwa livelihoods have relied.


FPP continues to support UOBDU and the Batwa of south west Uganda primarily through its human and legal rights programmes.  Since 2006, UOBDU has focused on securing the Batwa’s rights to lands, both those they currently live on outside the forest and those lands which make up their ancestral territories and which are currently protected through conservation projects.  The aim of this work is to support the Batwa communities to be the leaders of their own rights based struggles through the provision of training and information sharing as well as through the creation of opportunities for the Batwa to take their struggle directly to the policy makers at the local, national, regional and international level.

Local Level

FPP is supporting UOBDU to lobby local governments to respond to the landlessness of the Batwa by providing parcels of land upon which the Batwa can live and farm.  UOBDU is also providing support to the Batwa communities so that they are aware of their rights and able to present their situation to locally elected individuals at the village or parish level.

National Level

UOBDU is continuing to lobby key government departments and Ministries in the hope that a specific and direct response will be offered by the government.  This lobbying includes high level meetings with government officials as well as media work to inform the wider public about the situation of the Batwa.

Regional Level

UOBDU has attended the African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights on a number of occasions and in partnership with FPP has submitted two alternative reports on the occasion of the submission of the Uganda States scheduled submissions to the commission.

International Level

At the international level UOBDU has been able to represent the situation of its members regularly in forums that includes the CBD, IUCN and UN amongst others.

It is hoped that by opening spaces in policy, and supporting Batwa communities to utilize those spaces, the Batwa will have a greater chance to sustainably manage and freely determine their lands and livelihoods.

Relevant resources

Syndicate content

Indigenous Peoples in Uganda: A Review of the Human Rights Situation of the Batwa People, the Benet people and Pastoralist Communities

11 May, 2015

Alternative report to the Initial report of the Republic of Uganda to be presented at the 55th session of the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: 1st – 19th June 2015

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Indigenous peoples in Uganda: A review of the human rights situation of the Batwa people, the Benet people and pastoralist communities

27 April, 2015

Alternative report to the fifth periodic report of the Republic of Uganda presented at the 56th Ordinary session of the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, 21 April to 7 May 2015.

You can read the report in English and French

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The Batwa Petition Before Uganda's Constitutional Court

9 July, 2014

Author: United Organisation for Batwa Development in Uganda (UOBDU)

On 8th February 2013, the Batwa of Uganda submitted a petition to the Constitutional Court of Uganda seeking recognition of their status as indigenous peoples under international law and redress for the historic marginalisation and continuous human rights violations they have experienced as a result of being dispossessed of their ancestral forest lands by the government.

Before their eviction, the Batwa had lived in the forest since immemorial times. The measures taken to remove the Batwa, to create ‘environmentally protected’ areas, and to limit access and use of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park and Echuya Central Forest Reserve, resulted in the violation of the Batwa’s property rights over their ancestral lands. While colonial protection of the forest started in the 1920s, most Batwa continued to live in the forest and to use its resources until the 1990s; when they were evicted, without consultation, adequate compensation or offer of alternative land.

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FPP E-Newsletter December 2013 (PDF Version)

Forest Peoples Programme

3 December, 2013

FPP E-Newsletter December 2013

Dear Friends,

What are the prospects for securing the land rights of indigenous peoples, local communities, and women in the foreseeable future?

Significantly, the report of the United Nations Secretary-General’s High Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, under Goal 1 to “End Poverty”, sets a target to “Increase by x% the share of women and men, communities, and businesses with secure rights to land, property, and other assets”.

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FPP E-Newsletter July 2013 (PDF Version)


9 July, 2013

FPP E-Newsletter July 2013

Dear Friends,

Mutual recognition, mutual respect and mutual benefit are among the desirable attributes of all human relationships. Indigenous peoples and other forest peoples also expect these qualities in their relationships with others – be they governments, private corporations, NGOs or other indigenous peoples’ organisations and communities. This issue of Forest Peoples Programme’s E-Newsletter reports on the state of various relationships between forest peoples and different institutions – as these are forged, tested or broken –in the course of assertions for upholding basic human rights, social justice and solidarity.

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Latest submission to the Convention on Biological Diversity

5 July, 2013

FPP and Natural Justice organised a joint submission to the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in response to a request for contributions from Parties and stakeholders about the CBD’s programme of work that deals with traditional knowledge about biodiversity (Article 8j). 

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Batwa indigenous people gain more skills in gender

10 December, 2012

Participants at gender workshop, November 2012, Kisoro, Uganda

A gender workshop organised in Kisoro, south-western Uganda, from the 19-21 November 2012 that aimed to initiate indigenous people in general aspects of gender, has ended successfully.

The workshop was facilitated by the United Organisation for Batwa Development in Uganda (UOBDU) and Forest Peoples Programme and hosted fifty Batwa men and women from the districts of Kanungu, Mbarara, Kabale and Kisoro. Youngsters aged 14 - 20 also attended the workshop.

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FPP E-Newsletter December 2012 (PDF Version)


10 December, 2012

FPP E-Newsletter December 2012

Dear Friends,

The importance of ensuring respect for the rights of forest peoples’ to control their forests, lands and livelihoods, becomes ever clearer and yet more contested. As the articles in this edition of our newsletter starkly reveal, land and resource grabs are not just being imposed by commercial developers but are being actively promoted by governments, whose principle responsibility should be to protect the rights of citizens. Yet these same impositions are also being resisted, sometimes at great personal cost, by local communities and indigenous peoples.

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New video: Participatory 3D Modelling - Bwindi Impenetrable and Mgahinga Gorilla National Parks, Uganda

3 January, 2012

Uganda's first Participatory Three-Dimensional Modelling Project was organised in 2011 in Kisoro by the Batwa, former hunter-gatherers who were evicted from two national parks 20 years ago. Watch the video here.

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