Forest Peoples Programme Supporting forest peoples’ rights

Climate & forests

Many emerging climate policies and new forest funds have potential impacts on the rights and interests of forest peoples in the tropics. In line with the broad objectives of the Responsible Finance Programme, FPP advocacy aims to ensure that all international funding for forests and climate change mitigation and adaptation is accountable to indigenous peoples and other local rights holders who depend on forests for their lives, livelihoods and way of life. Activities target international funds and policy processes and also provide support to local partners seeking to influence the formulation of national policies on forest and climate issues.

Amid the growing international consensus on the need to take urgent measures to tackle climate change, policies for “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD) have emerged as a key issue in global and regional policy debates about climate change mitigation and forest management. At the same time, new funds for supporting REDD have been set up in the World Bank and the UN. Bilateral finance is also growing for REDD through schemes such as the Congo Basin Forest Fund supported by the UK government and the Norwegian Climate and Forest Initiative (NCFI).

Relevant resources

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Securing Forest Peoples’ Rights and Tackling Deforestation in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Forest Peoples Programme

11 May, 2016

Securing Forest Peoples’ Rights and Tackling Deforestation in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Deforestation and forest degradation have increased in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), despite the government’s commitment to safeguard its forests.

Illegal logging, unsustainable mining, commercial agriculture, and urban demand for fuelwood represent only some of the major long-term threats to the forests. By contrast, the traditional livelihood strategies of indigenous and local communities show a capacity to coexist with forests sustainably.

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The rights of Baka communities in the REDD+ Ngoyla-Mintom project in Cameroon

Jake Willis, Messe Venant, Olinga Noel

21 March, 2016

The rights of Baka communities in the REDD+ Ngoyla-Mintom project in Cameroon

Of the indigenous hunter gatherer peoples of Cameroon (the peoples who self-identify as ‘autochthonous’), the Baka are the largest group, numbering about 40,000 and living in an area of 75,000 km2 in the south-west of the country; the Bagyeli/Bokola are the second-largest group with approximately 3,700 people living near the coast in an area of about 12,000 km2; and the third-largest group are the Bedzang who live in the forests north-west of Mbam (Ngambe-Tikar), in the Central Region.

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Is carbon funding hurting forest peoples? Evidence from Madagascar

23 February, 2016

The Paris Agreement of December 2015 encourages countries “…to take action to implement and support, including through results-based payments…activities relating to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation” (Article 5)  as a key policy instrument for climate change mitigation. The Agreement also acknowledges the need to respect human rights in all climate actions. In principle, new investment in protected areas and REDD+ projects, by the World Bank and other international donors, are tied to strong social safeguards. These should be designed to ensure that a project does no harm and respects the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities. At present, UN climate change convention safeguards go further and require carbon funding to provide additional social and ‘non-carbon’ benefits, though World Bank safeguards still fall short of this.

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‘High Carbon Stocks Forests’: challenges in implementation

23 February, 2016

In response to consumer pressure to eliminate deforestation from products on supermarket shelves, corporations have been making numerous ‘Zero Deforestation’ pledges, often accompanied by ‘Zero Exploitation’ commitments. These companies seek to ensure that products in their ‘supply chains’ do not ‘embody deforestation’ and are not linked to land grabs and abuse of human and labour rights. These commitments are welcome but raise numerous questions: what do they require in practice and how can companies’ performance be verified?

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The way ahead from Paris COP21: risks and opportunities for indigenous peoples

23 February, 2016

The final UN climate summit outcomes in Paris were weak on rights, but open the way to greater recognition of indigenous peoples’ traditional knowledge in climate policies and actions in the post 2020 climate regime.

Securing Indigenous Peoples’ rights to land and effective compliance with the FPIC standard will be key to ensure legality and sustainability in the implementation of climate programmes and  financing.  

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Submission on the Green Climate Fund Environmental and Social Management System (ESMS)

15 February, 2016

Joint submission of Tebtebba (Indigenous Peoples' International Centre for Policy Research and Education) and Forest Peoples Programme as a response to the Call for for Public Inputs on the Environmental and Social Management System of the Green Climate Fund.

The joint Civil Society Organizations submission on the ESMS contains a set of proposals for procedures aimed at identifying assessing and managing social and environmental risks, while defining roles and responsibilities of the various actors and guidelines for monitoring and reporting.

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The Green Climate Fund and FPIC - A call for the adoption of an indigenous peoples' policy: The lessons from a wetland project in Peru

Tebtebba
FPP

23 December, 2015

Under considerable expectations and pressure to deliver shortly before the beginning of the UNFCCC 21st Conference of the Parties to be held in Paris, the Board of the Green Climate Fund  (GCF) considered the first projects for funding at its meeting in Zambia in early November, 2015.  One project presented to the GCF by Peruvian Implementing Entity (IE) PROFONANPE contains a proposal for wetland management with the participation of indigenous peoples in the province of Loreto in the eastern Amazon region.

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Forest Peoples Programme Dialogue on Community-based Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV)

14 December, 2015

MRV Meeting participants

From 16-19 Nov. 2015, FPP in collaboration with its local partners working across the Africa region organized in Yaoundé in Cameroon a meeting on Monitoring Reporting and Verification (MRV). The objective of this MRV meeting was to develop a common approach to community-based monitoring and set out appropriate indicators and tools for MRV that FPP and partners can mainstream throughout various initiatives on the ground to secure the rights of forest communities.

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Paris Climate Summit: last chance to stop climate change and respect indigenous peoples rights?

14 December, 2015

In the aftermath of the terrible terrorist attacks that have shocked the whole world, it will be a different climate change summit (COP21) to the one that the UN and France had imagined.

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The Situation of Indigenous Peoples in Paraguay: Their lands and the Laws that Would Protect Them

14 December, 2015

On 12 November 2015, Forest Peoples Programme (FPP) and its partner in Paraguay, the Federación por la Autodeterminación de los Pueblos Indígenas (FAPI) released a companion set of reports describing the current situation of indigenous people, their lands, resources, and territories in Paraguay, along with the national legal framework that is meant to respect, promote and protect their rights.  Many have argued that the last big “land grab” with respect to indigenous lands, resources and territories will not be from large infrastructure projects, but from conservation and resource protection initiatives.

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