This is the fourth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.
PT Permata Hijau Pasaman I (PT PHP I) is a member of the Wilmar group, which joined the RSPO in 2005. This concession was selected as one of seven study areas in Indonesia. The main issues identified in the field study are: unresolved disputes with the impacted Kapa communities that date back to the time when the government obtained release of their lands; ongoing disputes with regards to the failure of the government and company to involve all rights-holders in the land acquisition process and; disputes over the plasma areas. Also identified in the study are legal questions concerning the commencement of land clearance and planting before PT PHP I obtained environmental and land use licenses. PT PHP I is yet to be certified by the RSPO, and is currently planning to conduct High Conservation Value assessments and fulfil other RSPO requirements before being assessed for certification.