This is the sixth chapter of 'Conflict or Consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads'.To view the document as a whole please click here.This case study was carried out in the concession of PT Bangun Nusa Mandiri (PT BNM) in the Tumbang Titi, Marau, Manis Mata and Air Upas sub-districts of Ketapang district, West Kalimantan. The purpose of the study was to investigate from a grassroots level how FPIC is being respected, to compare these findings with the obligations of PT BNM and its mother holding company, GAR/SMART, as members of the RSPO, and to bring to light the processes and power dynamics at play between affected local communities and indigenous peoples, local civil society networks and the company in question.
Conflict or consent? The oil palm sector at a crossroads
Research team in Ketapang