‘The indigenous women’s voices and “her stories”, as an integral part of the women’s movement and indigenous peoples’ movement, remain faint. This reflects the overall conditions of indigenous women as relatively more marginalized, discriminated against and dis-empowered at all levels. It also illustrates the urgent need to strengthen indigenous women’s organizations and institutions, as well as their leadership and effective participation, in all matters that concern them as women and as indigenous peoples.’ Joan Carling, Secretary General, AIPP.
Projects and programme interventions of multilateral development banks have a record of systematic and widespread human rights violations for indigenous peoples in Asia. In many countries, indigenous peoples have been subjected to widespread displacement and irreversible loss of traditional livelihoods. Behind these human rights violations is the denial of indigenous peoples’ rights to their lands, territories and resources and to their right to give their free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) to projects and programme interventions, including those in the name of sustainable development and human development. Among them, the large infrastructure (dams and highway construction) and environmental “conservation” projects have had the most detrimental adverse impacts on indigenous peoples. There are a good number of examples of such projects that have negatively impacted indigenous peoples’ communities in Asian countries, some of which follow below.
Para os povos indígenas da Ásia, os projetos e intervenções dos bancos multilaterais de desenvolvimento têm um histórico de violações sistemáticas e generalizadas dos direitos humanos. Em muitos países, os povos indígenas são sujeitos a deslocamentos generalizados e perdas irreversíveis dos seus modos de subsistência tradicionais. Por trás destas violações de direitos humanos está a negação dos direitos dos povos indígenas às suas terras, territórios e recursos, e ao seu direito ao consentimento prévio, livre e informado (FPIC na sigla em inglês) em projetos e intervenções, inclusive os que levam a bandeira de desenvolvimento humano e sustentável. Entre eles, os grandes projetos de “conservação” ambiental e de infraestrutura (represas e construção de rodovias) tiveram os piores impactos prejudiciais nos povos indígenas. Existe um bom número de exemplos de projetos que tiveram um impacto negativo nas comunidades indígenas nos países asiáticos, alguns dos quais encontram-se abaixo.
As multiple international agencies adopt and update their social and environmental policies, this special edition Forest Peoples Programme E-Newsletter reviews experiences of communities and civil society with the safeguard policies of various international financial institutions.
À medida que as agências internacionais adotam e atualizam suas políticas ambientais e sociais, esta edição especial do Boletim Eletrônico Informativo FPP examina as experiências das comunidades e sociedade civil com as políticas de salvaguarda de várias instituições financeiras internacionais.
PRESS INFORMATION – FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
A landmark workshop, “Human Rights and Business: Plural Legal Approaches to Conflict Resolution, Institutional Strengthening and Legal Reform”, is taking place at the Santika Hotel, Kuta, Bali, from today until 1 December 2011, convened by the Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) and supporting NGOs SawitWatch and Forest Peoples Programme. The event will be attended by over 60 participants, from the National Human Rights Commissions of the Southeast Asian region, the ASEAN Intergovernmental Human Rights Commission, notable academics, representatives of indigenous peoples, as well as members of supportive national and international NGOs.
Nur Kholis, Deputy Chairperson of the Indonesian National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM), said,
“We are taking this initiative in collaboration with the other human rights commissioners of South East Asia as a way of ensuring a more balanced approach to development based on respect for peoples’ rights, with an emphasis on the need to secure livelihoods and the right to food.”
National Forum of Forest People and Forest Workers (NFFPFW) report the killing of a youth by forest personnel, and protest the failure to bring such atrocities to justice.
Public statement by Amnesty International
(See July NGO submission to CERD in related reports)Letter to Ambassador of Nepal from CERD
Submission by by the United NGOs Mission Manipur (a network of 235 indigenous peoples' organisations from North East India) and Forest Peoples Programme
submitted to the Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences by United NGOs Mission Manipur, Women Action for Development (Manipur) and Forest Peoples Programme
concerning the situation of indigenous peoples in North East India that request urgent action measuresSubmission by the United NGOs Mission Manipur and Forest Peoples Programme
Submitted to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous peoples and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights while countering terrorismSubmission by United NGOs Mission - Manipur (a network of 103 indigenous peoples' organisations) and the Forest Peoples Programme
Follow-up report on the situation in North East India, requesting that CERD consider the situation under its early warning and urgent action procedure - see original submission to CERD, below(Also see original submission to CERD, below, CERD's Concluding Observations of March 2007, and further Follow-up report, June 2008)
Mines and steel plants to deplace thousands and deforest extensive legally protected areas
A case study for the Extractive Industries Review. Prepared for the International Workshop on Indigenous Peoples, the Extractive Industries and the World Bank