Resources

The experience of Asian indigenous peoples with the finance lending policies of international financial institutions: A select overview

Projects and programme interventions of multilateral development banks have a record of systematic and widespread human rights violations for indigenous peoples in Asia. In many countries, indigenous peoples have been subjected to widespread displacement and irreversible loss of traditional livelihoods. Behind these human rights violations is the denial of indigenous peoples’ rights to their lands, territories and resources and to their right to give their free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) to projects and programme interventions, including those in the name of sustainable development and human development. Among them, the large infrastructure (dams and highway construction) and environmental “conservation” projects have had the most detrimental adverse impacts on indigenous peoples. There are a good number of examples of such projects that have negatively impacted indigenous peoples’ communities in Asian countries, some of which follow below.

Pengalaman masyarakat adat Asia dengan kebijakan pinjaman lembaga-lembaga keuangan internasional: satu tinjauan pilihan

Berbagai proyek dan intervensi program bank-bank pembangunan multilateral memiliki satu jejak pelanggaran hak azasi manusia (HAM) sistematis dan meluas bagi masyarakat adat di Asia. Di banyak negara, masyarakat adat telah menjadi sasaran penggusuran dan kehilangan sumber penghidupan tradisional mereka. Pemicu berbagai pelanggaran HAM tersebut adalah pengabaian hak-hak masyarakat adat atas tanah, wilayah dan sumber daya mereka serta hak untuk memberikan keputusan bebas, didahulukan dan diinformasikan (KBDD/FPIC) atas berbagai proyek dan intervensi program, termasuk proyek-proyek atas-nama pembangunan berkelanjutan dan pembangunan manusia. Diantara hal-hal tersebut adalah, proyek infrastruktur raksasa (konstruksi bendungan dan jalan raya) dan proyek-proyek “konservasi” lingkungan yang telah berdampak paling buruk pada masyarakat adat. Ada banyak contoh proyek-proyek semacam ini yang mengorbankan masyarakat adat di negara-negara Asia. 

FPP E-Newsletter Special Edition on Safeguards, April 2013 (PDF Version)

As multiple international agencies adopt and update their social and environmental policies, this special edition Forest Peoples Programme E-Newsletter reviews experiences of communities and civil society with the safeguard policies of various international financial institutions.